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22- ENVIRONMENT


The Law Concerning the Ratification of The Agreement Between the Republic of Turkey and the European Community on the Accession of the Republic of Turkey to the European Environment Agency and the European Environment Information and Observatory Network, and the Final Act of the Negotiations for the Adoption of The Agreement Between the Republic of Turkey and the European Community on the Accession of the Republic of Turkey to the European Environment Agency and the European Environment Information and Observatory Network was published in the Official Gazette No:25007 dated 28 January 2003.
In the 2003 Accession Partnership Document, adopting a programme for transposition of the acquis and developing a plan for financing investment, based on estimation of the cost of alignment and realistic sources of public and private finance, are priorities under the environment heading. In this context the “Analysis of Environmental Legislation for Turkey” project (MEDA/TUR/ENLARG/D4-01) financed by MEDA Funds, was completed in 2002. Current environment legislation has been compared with EU legislation, a gap analysis and needs assessment study has been completed, and investment costs for directives requiring heavy investment have been calculated within the scope of this project. Exact investment needs will be determined once the Integrated Environmental Approximation Strategy for the Turkish Republic (No:2002-31739) Project is completed in 2004. In addition, studies on priority environmental projects for accession, and supporting the development of an efficient financial mechanism for financing EU environmental heavy-cost directives will be carried out under the environmental heavy cost investments component of the Capacity Development in The Field Of Environment Project (TR-362.03), within the framework of the 2002 Pre-accession Financial Assistance Programme.
Integrating sustainable development principles into the definition and implementation of all other sectoral polices is a medium term priority of the 2003 Accession Partnership Document. In this framework, a project fiche has been prepared and will be submitted to the Pre-accession Financial Assistance Programme at the most appropriate time.
The Draft Act on the Amendment of Environment Law, also contains provisions on access to environmental information. Within the “institution building and access to environmental information” component of the “Capacity Building in the Field of Environment for Turkey” (TR-362.03) project approved under the 2002 Pre-accession Financial Assistance Programme, studies to create a national database in environmental information and the training of staff for strengthening administrative capacity, will be realized.
Legislation on reporting in the context of EU environment legislation will commence only after harmonization and implementation of related legislation and infrastructure studies have been initiated.
Secondary Legislation promulgated after the publication of the first National Programme is listed in Annex 22.1.
Turkey’s position and procedures to be followed with respect to multilateral environmental agreements to which EC is party are given in Annex 22.2.
I- PRIORITY LIST

PRIORITY 22.1 Improvement of Water Quality
Task 22.1.1 Discharge of Dangerous Substances into Aquatic Environments
Task 22.1.2 Water Pollution Caused by Nitrates from Agricultural Sources
Task 22.1.3 Water Framework Directive
Task 22.1.4 Treatment Plant Sludge
Task 22.1.5 Urban Wastewater Treatment
Task 22.1.6 Quality of Water for Human Consumption
Task 22.1.7 Quality of Surface Water and Ground Water
PRIORITY 22.2 Increase Effectiveness of Waste Management
Task 22.2.1 Integrated Waste Management
Task 22.2.2 Hazardous Waste Management
Task 22.2.3 Specific Waste Management
PRIORITY 22.3 Improving Air Quality
PRIORITY 22.4 Nature Conservation
PRIORITY 22.5 Industrial Pollution and Risk Management
PRIORITY 22.6 Increasing Strength and Effectiveness of Environmental Impact Assessment Process and Aligning with Strategic Environmental Assessment Directive
PRIORITY 22.7 Environmental Noise Management
PRIORITY 22.8 Management of Chemicals
Task 22.8.1Chemicals
Task 22.8.2 Pesticides
PRIORITY 22.9 Genetically Modified Organisms
PRIORITY 22.10 Nuclear Safety

II- MEASURES FOR HARMONISATION WITH THE EU LEGISLATION AND IMPLEMENTATION
PRIORITY 22.1 Improvement of Water Quality
Improvement of water quality has been assigned as a priority, since, starting transposition and implementation of the acquis related to water quality is a short-term priority, and completing the transposition of the acquis and strengthening the institutional, administrative, and monitoring capacity, including data collection, to ensure environmental protection is a medium-term priority of the Accession Partnership document.
Task 22.1.1 Discharge of Dangerous Substances into Aquatic Environments
1-Priority Description
Discharge parameters in the Implementing Regulation on Water Pollution Control published in the Official Gazette No. 19919 dated 4 September 1988, have been collected under 16 sector headings, and sectoral discharge parameters have thus been determined. Discharge parameters in EU legislation have been established by taking into account “Best Available Technologies”. In this respect, in terms of both legislation and implementation, there is a need for harmonization. According to the Law on Fisheries and Agricultural Products No. 1380 and Implementing Regulation on Fisheries and Aquacultural Products, seas and inland surface waters are defined as supply areas of fisheries and aquacultural products. In seas and inland surface water sources, where fisheries and acquacultural products are concerned, environment and waste water discharge criteria defined in the Annex 5 and 6 of the Implementing Regulation on Fisheries and Aquacultural Products have to be aligned with EU legislation.
2- Schedule of Necessary Legislative Changes
Table 22.1.1.1

No Title and number of EU legislation Title of Draft Turkish Legislation Responsible Institution a) Proposed Date of Approval of Minister/Council of Ministers Proposed Date of
1- Adoption by the Parliament
2- Entry into force
Revision of the Implementing Regulation on Water Pollution Control Ministry of Environment and Forestry 2005, IV. Quarter 2- 2005, IV. Quarter
Revision of the Communiqué on Dangerous and Hazardous Substances related to the Implementing Regulation on Water Pollution Control Ministry of Environment and Forestry 2005, IV. Quarter 2- 2005, IV. Quarter
Revision of the Implementing Regulation on Water Products Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs 30.06.2004 2- 15.07.2005
Revision of the Implementing Regulation on Water Pollution Control Ministry of Environment and Forestry 2005, IV. Quarter 2- 2005, IV. Quarter
Revision of the Communiqué on Dangerous and Hazardous Substances related to the Implementing Regulation on Water Pollution Control Ministry of Environment and Forestry 2005, IV. Quarter 2- 2005, IV. Quarter
Revision of the Implementing Regulation on Water Products Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs 30.06.2004 2- 15.07.2005
Revision of the Implementing Regulation on Water Pollution Control Ministry of Environment and Forestry 2005, IV. Quarter 2- 2005, IV. Quarter
Revision of the Communiqué on Dangerous and Hazardous Substances related to the Implementing Regulation on Water Pollution Control Ministry of Environment and Forestry 2005, IV. Quarter 2- 2005, IV. Quarter

Table 22.1.1.1 (Continued)

No Title and number of EU legislation Title of Draft Turkish Legislation Responsible Institution a) Proposed Date of Approval of Minister/Council of Ministers Proposed Date of
1- Adoption by the Parliament
2- Entry into force
Revision of the Implementing Regulation on Water Pollution Control Ministry of Environment and Forestry 2005, IV. Quarter 2- 2005, IV. Quarter
Revision of the Communiqué on Dangerous and Hazardous Substances related to the Implementing Regulation on Water Pollution Control Ministry of Environment and Forestry 2005, IV. Quarter 2- 2005, IV. Quarter
Revision of the Implementing Regulation on Water Products Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs 30.06.2004 2- 15.07.2005
Revision of the Implementing Regulation on Water Pollution Control Ministry of Environment and Forestry 2005, IV. Quarter 2- 2005, IV. Quarter
Revision of the Communiqué on Dangerous and Hazardous Substances related to the Implementing Regulation on Water Pollution Control Ministry of Environment and Forestry 2005, IV. Quarter 2- 2005, IV. Quarter
Revision of the Implementing Regulation on Water Pollution Control Ministry of Environment and Forestry 2005, IV. Quarter 2- 2005, IV. Quarter
Revision of the Communiqué on Dangerous and Hazardous Substances related to the Implementing Regulation on Water Pollution Control Ministry of Environment and Forestry 2005, IV. Quarter 2- 2005, IV. Quarter
Revision of the Implementing Regulation on Water Products Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs 30.06.2004 2- 15.07.2005
Revision of the Implementing Regulation on Water Pollution Control Ministry of Environment and Forestry 2005, IV. Quarter 2- 2005, IV. Quarter
Revision of the Communiqué on Dangerous and Hazardous Substances related to the Implementing Regulation on Water Pollution Control Ministry of Environment and Forestry 2005, IV. Quarter 2- 2005, IV. Quarter
Revision of the Implementing Regulation on Water Products Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs 30.06.2004 2- 15.07.2005
Table 22.1.1.1 (Continued)

No Title and number of EU legislation Title of Draft Turkish Legislation Responsible Institution a) Proposed Date of Approval of Minister/Council of Ministers Proposed Date of
1- Adoption by the Parliament
2- Entry into force
Revision of the Implementing Regulation on Water Pollution Control Ministry of Environment and Forestry 2005, IV. Quarter 2- 2005, IV. Quarter
Revision of the Communiqué on Dangerous and Hazardous Substances related to the Implementing Regulation on Water Pollution Control Ministry of Environment and Forestry 2005, IV. Quarter 2- 2005, IV. Quarter
Revision of the Implementing Regulation on Water Products Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs 30.06.2004 2- 15.07.2005
a) The Ministry of Health will contribute to the studies.


3- Schedule of Necessary Institutional Changes

Table 22.1.1.2

No Necessary Institutional Changes – (Ministry of Environment and Forestry) Period of Implementation
1 Strengthening of the current institutional structure 2004-2006
2 Recruitment of staff 2004-2006
3 Training of personnel 2004-2006
4 Identification of the equipment requirements of the laboratories required for water pollution analysis, and strengthening of the infrastructure 2004-2006


Table 22.1.1.3

No Necessary Institutional Changes - (Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs) Period of Implementation
1 Identification of the equipment requirements of the laboratories required for water pollution analysis, and strengthening of the infrastructure 2004-2006
2 Personnel support to the Provincial Directorates 2004-2006
3 Training of the Provincial Directorates’ personnel 2004-2006



4-Financing Requirements and Sources of Financing

Table 22.1.1.4 (Euro)

Requirements - (Ministry of Environment and Forestry) Year National Budget EU Resources Other Total
I-Investment a)
II- Harmonisation with the EU legislation and Implementation 2004-2006 (1)
Personnel 2004-2006 160,000 160,000
Training 2004-2006 (2)
Consultancy 2004-2006 (3)
Translation 2004-2006 5,000 10,000 15,000



Table 22.1.1.4 (Continued) (Euro)

Requirements - (Ministry of Environment and Forestry) Year National Budget EU Resources Other Total
Other (1)+(2)+(3)=1,500,000b) 1,500,000
Total 165,000 1,510,000 1,675,000
a) The investment requirement will be determined once the Project on Integrated Environmental Harmonisation Strategy (2002-31739) is finalised. In addition, studies on priority environmental projects for accession and supporting the development of an efficient financial mechanism for financing EU environmental heavy-cost directives will be carried out in the context of the environmental heavy cost investments component of the Capacity Development in The Field Of Environment Project (TR-362.03) under the 2002 Pre-accession Financial Assistance Programme.
b) A project will be submitted to the Pre-accession Financial Assistance Programme with the contribution of the related institutions.
Table 22.1.1.5 (Euro)

Requirements - (Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs) Year National Budget EU Resources Other Total
I-Investment a)
II- Harmonisation with the EU legislation and Implementation (1)
Personnel 2004-2006 160,000 160,000
Training 2004-2006 (2)
Consultancy 2004-2006 (3)
Translation 2004-2006 5,000 10,000 15,000
Other (1)+(2)+(3)= 1,500,000b) 1,500,000
Total 165,000 1,510,000 1,575,000
a) The investment requirement will be determined once the Project on Integrated Environmental Harmonisation Strategy (2002-31739) is finalised. In addition, studies on priority environmental projects for accession and supporting the development of an efficient financial mechanism for financing EU environmental heavy-cost directives will be carried out in the context of the environmental heavy cost investments component of the Capacity Development in The Field Of Environment Project (TR-362.03) under the 2002 Pre-accession Financial Assistance Programme.
b) A project will be submitted to the Pre-accession Financial Assistance Programme with the contribution of the related institutions.
Task 22.1.2 Water Pollution Caused by Nitrates from Agricultural Sources
1-Priority Description
There is no corresponding Turkish legislation for Directive 91/676/EEC. Therefore, draft legislation is being prepared. In order to protect fisheries and acquacultural products from pollution originating from agricultural nitrate sources, environment friendly agricultural methods have to be introduced. A transition period is required for full implementation.
2- Schedule of Necessary Legislative Changes
Table 22.1.2.1

No Title and number of EU legislation Title of Draft Turkish Legislation Responsible Institution Proposed Date of Approval of Minister/Council of Ministers Proposed Date of
1- Adoption by the Parliament
2- Entry into force
1 Council Directive 91/676/EEC of 12 December 1991 concerning the protection of waters against pollution caused by nitrates from agricultural sources Implementing Regulation on the Protection of Waters against Pollution Caused by Nitrates from Agricultural Sources Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs (will publish the Implementing Regulation)
Ministry of Environment and Forestry (will be involved in the implementation) 2003, IV. Quarter 2- 2005, IV. Quarter
a) As the implementation of the legislation under this priority requires heavy investment for both the public and private sector, it is deemed necessary to make infrastructure investment and to strengthen technical capacity. Therefore, the context in which it will be implemented will be determined during legislation preparation.

3- Schedule of Necessary Institutional Changes
Table 22.1.2.2

No Necessary Institutional Changes - (Ministry of Environment and Forestry) Period of Implementation
1 Strengthening the current institutional structure 2004-2006
2 Training of personnel via training of trainers 2004-2006
Table 22.1.2.3

No Necessary Institutional Changes - (Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs) Period of Implementation
1 Strengthening the infrastructure of the laboratories in the field of nitrate contamination analysis 2004-2006
2 Establish principles of Good Agricultural Practices 2003-2006
3 Training of the Provincial Directorate personnel (first training of the trainers, and then training of all the Provincial Directorate personnel) 2004-2006

4-Financing Requirements and Sources of Financing
Table 22.1.2.4 (Euro)

Requirements-(Ministry of Environment and Forestry) Year National Budget EU Resources Other Total
I-Investment a) 2004 - 2024
II- Harmonisation with the EU legislation and Implementation
Personnel
Training 2004-2006 5,000 50,000 55,000
Consultancy 2004-2006 200,000 200,000
Translation 2004-2006 5,000 10,000 15,000
Other
Total 10,000 260,000 270,000
a) The investment requirement will be determined once the Project on Integrated Environmental Harmonisation Strategy (2002-31739) is finalised. In addition, studies on priority environmental projects for accession and supporting the development of an efficient financial mechanism for financing EU environmental heavy-cost directives will be carried out in the context of the environmental heavy cost investments component of the Project on Capacity Development in The Field Of Environment (TR-362.03) under the 2002 Pre-accession Financial Assistance Programme.

Table 22.1.2.5 (Euro)

Requirements - (Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs) Year National Budget EU Resources Other Total
I-Investment a)
II- Harmonisation with the EU legislation and Implementation
Personnel
Training 2004-2006 5,000 30,000 35,000
Consultancy 2004-2006 200,000 200,000
Table 22.1.2.5 (Continued) (Euro)

Requirements - (Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs) Year National Budget EU Resources Other Total
Translation 2004-2005 10,000 10,000
Other 2004-2006 100,000 100,000
Total 5,000 340,000 345,000
a) The investment requirement will be determined once the Project on Integrated Environmental Harmonisation Strategy (2002-31739) is finalised. In addition, studies on priority environmental projects for accession and supporting the development of an efficient financial mechanism for financing EU environmental heavy-cost directives will be carried out in the context of the environmental heavy cost investments component of the Capacity Development in The Field Of Environment (TR-362.03) Project under the 2002 Pre-accession Financial Assistance Programme.

Task 22.1.3 Water Framework Directive
1-Priority Description
There is no corresponding Turkish legislation for Directive 2000/60/EC under the EU water management heading. Implementation of subjects covered by the aforementioned directive is under the authority and responsibility of various administrative institutions, therefore, a MATRA project, “Implementation of the Water Framework Directive in Turkey” has been designed and initiated. The project will identify how the current administrative structure needs to be transformed, in order to implement Directive 2000/60/EC. Following the completion of the MATRA project, another project comprising training of central and provincial units on the alignment and implementation of Directive 2000/60/EC, strengthening of administrative structures, and investment needs for implementation purposes, will be proposed to the Pre-accession Financial Assistance Programme.
2- Schedule of Necessary Legislative Changes
Table 22.1.3.1

No Title and number of EU legislation Title of Draft Turkish Legislation Responsible Institution Proposed Date of Approval of Minister/Council of Ministers Proposed Date of
1- Adoption by the Parliament
2- Entry into force
1 Directive 2000/60/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 October 2000 establishing a framework for Community action in the field of water policy Drafting legislation complying the provisions of the Framework Environment Directive Ministry of Environment and Forestry
Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs
Directorate General for State Hydraulic Works 2005, IV. Quarter a)
a) As the implementation of the legislation under this priority requires heavy investment for both the public and private sector, it is deemed necessary to make infrastructure investments and to strengthen technical capacity. Therefore, the date of entry into force will be determined during legislation preparation.

3- Schedule of Necessary Institutional Changes
Table 22.1.3.2

No Necessary Institutional Changes (Ministry of Environment and Forestry) Period of Implementation
1 Strengthening of the current institutional structure (office, laboratory) 2003-2005
2 Recruitment of technical and administrative personnel 2004-2006
3 Training of personnel 2003-2005
Table 22.1.3.3

No Necessary Institutional Changes (Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs) Period of Implementation
1 Strengthening of the infrastructure of the laboratories for water pollution analysis 2003-2005
2 Training of the Provincial Directorate technical personnel 2003-2005

4-Financing Requirements and Sources of Financing
Tabloe22.1.3.4 (Euro)

Requirements - (Ministry of Environment and Forestry) Year National Budget EU Resources Other Total
I-Investment a)
II- Harmonisation with the EU legislation and Implementation 2004-2006 (1)
Personnel 2004-2006 160,000 160,000
Training 2003-2006 (2)
Consultancy 2003-2006 (3)
Translation 2003-2005 5,000 (4) 5,000
Tabloe22.1.3.4 (Continued) (Euro)

Requirements - (Ministry of Environment and Forestry) Year National Budget EU Resources Other Total
Other
Programming of Pre-accession Financial Assistance b)
2005-2006

a-(1)+(2)+(3)+(4)= 1,500,000

1,500,000
Total 165,000 1,500,000 1,665,000
a) The investment requirement will be determined once the Project on Integrated Environmental Harmonisation Strategy (2002-31739) is finalised. In addition, studies on priority environmental projects for accession and supporting the development of an efficient financial mechanism for financing EU environmental heavy-cost directives will be carried out in the context of the environmental heavy cost investments component of the Capacity Development in The Field Of Environment (TR-362.03) Project under the 2002 Pre-accession Financial Assistance Programme.
b) A project on the implementation of the Water Framework Directive, will be submitted to the Pre-accession Financial Assistance Programme with the contribution of the related institutions.

Table 22.1.3.5

Requirements - (Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs) Year National Budget EU Resources Other Total
I-Investment a)
II- Harmonisation with the EU legislation and Implementation
Personnel
Training 2004-2006 5,000 50,000 55,000
Consultancy 2004-2006 200,000 200,000
Translation 2004-2006 5,000 5,000
Other 2004-2006 100,000 100,000
Total 10,000 350,000 360,000
a) The investment requirement will be determined once the Project on Integrated Environmental Harmonisation Strategy (2002-31739) is finalised. In addition, studies on priority environmental projects for accession and supporting the development of an efficient financial mechanism for financing EU environmental heavy-cost directives will be carried out in the context of the environmental heavy cost investments component of the Capacity Development in The Field Of Environment (TR-362.03) Project under the 2002 Pre-accession Financial Assistance Programme



Task 22.1.4 Treatment Plant Sludge
1- Priority Description
The Implementing Regulation on Soil Pollution Control published in the Official Gazette No. 24609 dated 10 December 2001 is largely compatible with corresponding EU legislation. However, there are difficulties with respect to implementation. Alignment with EU legislation on treatment plant sludge is under the responsibility of the Ministry of Environment and Forestry, and the Refik Saydam Hygiene Centre of the Ministry of Health carries out analyses on treatment plant sludge, subject to the Implementing Regulation for Soil Pollution Control. Studies with respect to treatment plant sludge in Turkey are carried out by only a few local administrations, including the Ankara Metropolitan Municipality. One of the most important problems associated with this issue is the elimination of treatment plant sludge. A limited number of analysis have been carried out, the results of which display typical domestic waste properties.
2- Schedule of Necessary Legislative Changes
Table 22.1.4.1

No Title and number of EU legislation Title of Draft Turkish Legislation Responsible Institution a) Proposed Date of Approval of Minister/Council of Ministers Proposed Date of
1- Adoption by the Parliament
2- Entry into force
1 Council Directive 86/278/EEC of 12 June 1986 on the protection of the environment, and in particular of the soil, when sewage sludge is used in agriculture Revision of the Implementing Regulation on the Control of Soil Pollution Ministry of Environment and Forestry 2004, I. Quarter 2- 2004, I. Quarter
a) The Ministry of Health will contribute to the studies.
b) As the implementation of the legislation under this priority requires heavy investment for both the public and private sector, it is deemed necessary to make infrastructural investments and to strengthen technical capacity. Therefore, the context in which it will be implemented will be determined during legislation preparation.
3- Schedule of Necessary Institutional Changes
Institutional changes are not foreseen at this stage for this priority.
4- Financing Requirements and Sources of Financing
Financing requirements are not foreseen at this stage for this priority. The investment requirement will be determined once the Project on Integrated Environmental Harmonisation Strategy (2002-31739) is finalised.
Task 22.1.5 Urban Wastewater Treatment
1-Priority Description
The Turkish legislation corresponding to Council Directive 91/271/EEC is the Implementing Regulation on Water Pollution Control. However, in practice, the construction of waste treatment plants for the benefit of municipalities is the responsibility of the Bank of Provinces and metropolitan municipalities, and in rural areas this responsibility belongs to the General Directorate of Rural Services. Discharge parameters for urban wastewater are not fully compatible with EU legislation and alignment of legislation as well as additional investment to existing waste treatment plants is necessary. A transition period is necessary for full implementation, since this directive is one of the heavy cost investment directives.
2- Schedule of Necessary Legislative Changes
Table 22.1.5.1

No Title and number of EU legislation Title of Draft Turkish Legislation Responsible Institution Proposed Date of Approval of Minister/Council of Ministers Proposed Date of
1- Adoption by the Parliament
2- Entry into force a)
1 Council Directive 91/271/EEC of 21 May 1991 concerning urban waste-water treatment Revision of the Implementing Regulation on Water Pollution Control Ministry of Environment and Forestry b) 2005, IV. Quarter 2- 2005, IV. Quarter
a) As the implementation of the legislation under this priority requires heavy investment for both the public and private sector, it is deemed necessary to make infrastructure investment and to strengthen technical capacity. Therefore, the context in which it will be implemented will be determined during legislation preparation.
b) Institutions responsible for implementation; metropolitan municipalities, municipalities, Bank of Provinces, General Directorate of Rural Affairs.
3- Schedule of Necessary Institutional Changes
Table 22.1.5.2

No Necessary Institutional Changes - (Ministry of Environment and Forestry) Period of Implementation
1 Strengthening of the current institutional structure and infrastructure (vehicles, offices, laboratories etc.) 2004-2006
2 Recruitment of personnel 2004-2006
3 Training of personnel 2004-2006
4-Financing Requirements and Sources of Financing
Table 22.1.5.3 (Euro)

Requirements - (Ministry of Environment and Forestry) Year National Budget EU Resources Other Total
I-Investment a)
II- Harmonisation with the EU legislation and Implementation
Personnel 2004-2006 160,000 160,000
Table 22.1.5.3 (Continued) (Euro)

Requirements - (Ministry of Environment and Forestry) Year National Budget EU Resources Other Total
Training 2004-2006 5,000 50,000 55,000
Consultancy 2004-2006 200,000 200,000
Translation 2004-2006 5,000 10,000 15,000
Other
Total 170,000 260,000 430,000
a) The investment requirement will be determined once the Project on Integrated Environmental Harmonisation Strategy (2002-31739) is finalised. In addition, studies on priority environmental projects for accession and supporting the development of an efficient financial mechanism for financing EU environmental heavy-cost directives will be carried out in the context of the environmental heavy cost investments component of the Capacity Development in The Field Of Environment (TR-362.03) Project under the 2002 Pre-accession Financial Assistance Programme.

Task 22.1.6 Quality of Water Intended for Human Consumption
1-Priority Description
The Implementing Regulation on Water Pollution Control and the Implementing Regulation on Production, Packaging, Sale and Inspection of Water for Human Consumption, published in the Official Gazette No. 24759 dated 25 July 2001, are Turkish legislation corresponding to EU directives related to water management and listed under this priority. Studies are underway for a draft Implementing Regulation on Bottled Waters and Water for Human Consumption and Use, which will repeal the Implementing Regulation on Production, Packaging, Sale and Inspection of Water for Human Consumption. Directives on quality of water for human consumption fall under the responsibility of various different organizations and institutions. Turkish legislation corresponding to EU Directives is partially aligned. A project has been prepared to be submitted to the 2004 Pre-accession Financial Assistance Programme for the purpose of harmonizing with Directive 98/83/EC on quality of water intended for human consumption.
2- Schedule of Necessary Legislative Changes
Table 22.1.6.1

No Title and number of EU legislation Title of Draft Turkish Legislation Responsible Institution Proposed Date of Approval of Minister/Council of Ministers Proposed Date of
1- Adoption by the Parliament
2- Entry into force
1 Council Directive 98/83/EC of 3 November 1998 on the quality of water intended for human consumption Implementing Regulation on Bottled Water and Water for Human Consumption Ministry of Health 2004, IV. Quarter 2- 2004, IV. Quarter
Table 22.1.6.1 (Continued)

No Title and number of EU legislation Title of Draft Turkish Legislation Responsible Institution Proposed Date of Approval of Minister/Council of Ministers Proposed Date of
1- Adoption by the Parliament
2- Entry into force
2 Council Directive 79/869/EEC of 9 October 1979 concerning the methods of measurement and frequencies of sampling and analysis of surface water intended for the abstraction of drinking water in the Member States Revision of the Communiqué on Sampling and Analysis Methods related to the Implementing Regulation on Water Pollution Control Ministry of Environment and Forestry 2005, IV. Quarter 2- 2005, IV. Quarter
3 Council Directive 75/440/EEC of 16 June 1975 concerning the quality required of surface water intended for the abstraction of drinking water in the Member States Revision of the Implementing Regulation on Water Pollution Control Ministry of Environment and Forestry 2005, IV. Quarter 2. 2005, IV. Quarter
3- Schedule of Necessary Institutional Changes
Table 22.1.6.2

No Necessary Institutional Changes - (Ministry of Health) Period of Implementation
1 Training of the personnel of the Ministry of Health central office staff, the staff of the Refik Saydam Hygiene Centre (RSHM), and the Provincial Health Directorates, who will be involved in the field of the quality of water for human consumption, on the legislation and its implementation 2004-2006
2 Elimination of technical deficiencies of the Refik Saydam Hygiene Centre and Health Laboratory and strengthening its technical structure 2004-2006
3 Providing technical assistance and training from an accredited laboratory of a Member State to the Refik Saydam Hygiene Centre and Public Health Laboratory on the quality of water for human consumption. 2004-2006
4 Establishing a data network for communication and information exchange. 2004-2006
5 Providing coordination and cooperation with other authorities dealing with water for human consumption. 2004-2006
6 Identification of the risk points related to the quality of water for human consumption and making efforts for the improvement of water quality 2004-2006
Table 22.1.6.2 (Continued)

No Necessary Institutional Changes - (Ministry of Health) Period of Implementation
7 Training of the producers and consumers 2004-2006
8 Development and implementation of a national protocol on the sampling and analysis of water for human consumption 2004-2006
9 Development and implementation of national intervention strategy against threats to the waters for human consumption 2004-2006
4-Financing Requirements and Sources of Financing
Table 22.1.6.3 (Euro)

Requirements - (Ministry of Health) Year National Budget EU Resources Other Total
I- Investment a)
Programming of Pre-accession Financial Assistance b)
2005-2006
1,400,000
3,120,000

4,520,000
II- Harmonisation with the EU legislation and Implementation (1)
Personnel 2004-2006 160,000 160,000
Training 2004-2006 (2)
Consultancy 2004-2006 (3)
Translation 2004-2006 5,000 10 000 15,000
Other (1)+(2)+(3)= 2,000,000 c) 2,000,000
Total 1,565,000 5,130,000 6,695,000
a) The investment requirement will be determined once the Project on Integrated Environmental Harmonisation Strategy (2002-31739) is finalised. In addition, studies on priority environmental projects for accession and supporting the development of an efficient financial mechanism for financing EU environmental heavy-cost directives will be carried out in the context of environmental heavy cost investments component of the Capacity Development in The Field Of Environment (TR-362.03) Project under the 2002 Pre-accession Financial Assistance Programme.
b) Total investment amount of Water Quality Project to be proposed to the 2004 Pre-accession Financial Assistance Programme .
c) Technical assistance amount of Water Quality Project to be proposed to 2004 Pre-accession Financial Assistance Programme.
Task 22.1.7 Quality of Surface Water and Ground Water
1-Priority Description
Turkish legislation corresponding to EU directives cited under this priority and related to water management are the Implementing Regulation on Water Pollution Control, Implementing Regulation on Fisheries and Aquacultural Products and the Law on Ground Water published in the Official Gazette No.10688 dated 23 December 1960.
In order to protect public health, the Ministry of Health monitors sea water quality in provinces having a coastline. The assessment of analyses done in this context is made in accordance with limit values envisaged by the Implementing Regulation on Water Pollution Control published by Ministry of Environment and Forestry. Provisions and parameters given in the Implementing Regulation on Water Pollution Control are not fully aligned with Directive 76/160/EEC. A project aiming at harmonization with Council Directive 76/160/EEC concerning the quality of bathing water, has been prepared for submission to the 2004 Financial Cooperation Programme.
2- Schedule of Necessary Legislative Changes
Table 22.1.7.1

No Title and number of EU legislation Title of Draft Turkish Legislation Responsible Institution Proposed Date of Approval of Minister/Council of Ministers Proposed Date of
1- Adoption by the Parliament
2- Entry into force
Revision of the Implementing Regulation on Water Pollution Control Ministry of Environment and Forestry 2005, IV. Quarter 2- 2005, IV. Quarter
Communiqué on Bathing Water Quality Ministry of Health 2005, IV. Quarter 2- 2005, IV. Quarter
2 Council Directive 79/923/EEC of 30 October 1979 on the quality required of shellfish waters Circular Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs 2005, IV. Quarter 2- 2005, IV. Quarter
3 Council Directive 78/659/EEC of 18 July 1978 on the quality of fresh waters needing protection or improvement in order to support fish life Implementing Regulation on Fisheries and Aquacultural Products Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs 30.06.2004 2- 15.07.2005
4 Council Directive 80/68/EEC of 17 December 1979 on the protection of groundwater against pollution caused by certain dangerous substances Revision of the Communiqué on Dangerous and Hazardous Substances in Water Ministry of Environment and Forestry a) 2005, IV. Quarter 2- 2005, IV. Quarter
a) The Directorate General for State Hydraulic Works is the authority responsible for the consumption and protection of ground water according to the Law on Ground Water No. 167 and the Law on the Organization and Functions of the Directorate General for State Hydraulic Works.
3-Schedule of Necessary Institutional Changes

Table 22.1.7.2

No Necessary Institutional Changes - (Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs) Period of Implementation
1 Strengthening of the infrastructure of the laboratories in the field of water pollution 2004-2006
2 Training of the Provincial Directorates technical personnel 2004-2006

Table 22.1.7.3

No. Necessary Institutional Changes - (Ministry of Health) Period of Implementation
1 Training of the personnel of the Ministry of Health central office staff, the staff of the Refik Saydam Hygiene Centre (RSHM), and Provincial Health Directorates, who will be involved in the field of the quality of bathing water and public health, on the legislation and its implementation 2004-2006
2 Strengthening of the infrastructure of laboratories in order to render the analysis of the parameters that will be incorporated to the legislation drafted according to the EU Directives. 2004-2006
3 Providing technical assistance and training to the staff of the Refik Saydam Centre of Hygiene and Public Health Laboratory from an accredited laboratory of a Member State on the quality of bathing water 2004-2006
4 Establishing a data network for communication and information exchange 2004-2006
5 Providing coordination and cooperation with other authorities dealing with bathing water 2004-2006
6 Determine according to which criteria sampling and monitoring points of bathing water quality to be identified 2004-2006
7 Publishing a national guide in compliance with the EU norms on sampling methods and training of the personnel involved in sampling and analysis in the field of water quality 2004-2006
8 Development of a national intervention strategy against threats to public health from bathing water 2004-2006

4-Financing Requirements and Sources of Financing
Table 22.1.7.4 (Euro)

Requirements - (Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs) Year National Budget EU Resources Other Total
I-Investment
II- Harmonisation with the EU legislation and Implementation
Personnel
Training 2004-2006 5.000 50.000 55.000
Consultancy 2004-2006 200.000 200.000
Translation 2004-2006 5.000 10.000 15.000
Other 80.000 80.000
Total 10.000 340.000 350.000
Table 22.1.7.5 (Euro)

Requirements - (Ministry of Health) a) Year National Budget EU Resources Other Total
I-Investment b)
II- Harmonisation with the EU legislation and Implementation
Personnel 2004-2006 160,000 160,000
Training
Consultancy
Translation 2004-2006 5,000 5,000 10,000
Other
Total 165,000 5,000 170,000
a) Water Quality Project prepared for proposal to the 2004 Pre-accession Financial Assistance Programme includes Directive 76/160/EEC on bathing water. Information related to this project was previously given in Table 22.1.6.3
b) The investment requirement will be determined once the Project on Integrated Environmental Harmonisation Strategy (2002-31739) is finalised. In addition, studies on priority environmental projects for accession and supporting the development of an efficient financial mechanism for financing EU environmental heavy-cost directives will be carried out in the context of the environmental heavy cost investments component of the Capacity Development in The Field Of Environment (TR-362.03) Project under the 2002 Pre-accession Financial Assistance Programme.
PRIORITY 22.2 Increase Effectiveness of Waste Management
In order to begin to transpose and implement acquis related to waste management, a short term priority in the Accession Partnership Document, and to complete the transposition of the acquis and strengthen the institutional, administrative, and monitoring capacity to ensure environmental protection including data collection, a medium term priority, increasing the effectiveness of waste management is designated as a priority.
Although existing Turkish legislation is to a large extent harmonized with relevant EU legislation, studies have been initiated to prepare draft regulations and proposals for amendments in order to fully complete alignment with the EU directives listed below. Turkey’s major problems related to waste management are the elimination of hazardous waste from industry, and the combination of industrial and domestic waste, domestic waste, specific waste, and construction waste all together, without separate collection. However, in the framework of regulations prepared by the Ministry of Environment and Forestry, the metropoles in particular have initiated integrated solid waste management studies, and collection and elimination of waste following categorization is being realized to a certain extent. In Turkey, there are plants for the elimination of hazardous and domestic waste, albeit few in number.
A project proposal (TR-302.03) has been submitted to the 2003 Pre-accession Financial Assistance Programme to create the necessary capacity in the Ministry of Environment and Forestry for the implementation of legislation and harmonization of Turkish legislation with European Parliament and Council Directive 94/62/EC on packaging and packaging waste, Council Directive 75/442/EEC on waste, Council Directive of 12 December 1991 on hazardous waste, Directive 2000/76/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 4 December 2000 on the incineration of waste, Council Directive 1999/31/EC on the landfill of waste, and Council Regulation 259/93/EEC on the supervision and control of shipments of waste within, into and out of the European Community.
Task 22.2.1 Integrated Waste Management
1-Priority Description
Various legislation contain points corresponding to directives listed in the table, however this situation leads to repetitions. Therefore, taking into account the results of the “Analysis of Environmental Legislation for Turkey” (MEDA/TUR/ENLARG/D4-01) separate regulations will be prepared corresponding to the directives in question in order to simplify the implementation.
2- Schedule of Necessary Legislative Changes
Table 22.2.1.1

No Title and number of EU legislation Title of Draft Turkish Legislation Responsible Institution Proposed Date of Approval of Minister/Council of Ministers Proposed Date of
1- Adoption by the Parliament
2- Entry into force a)
1 Council Directive 75/442/EEC of 15 July 1975 on waste Implementing Framework Regulation on Waste Ministry of Environment and Forestry 2005, IV. Quarter 2- 2005, IV. Quarter
2 2000/532/EC: Commission Decision of 3 May 2000 replacing Decision 94/3/EC establishing a list of wastes pursuant to Article 1(a) of Council Directive 75/442/EEC on waste and Council Decision 94/904/EC establishing a list of hazardous waste pursuant to Article 1(4) of Council Directive 91/689/EEC on hazardous waste (notified under document number C(2000) 1147) Annex to the Implementing Framework Regulation on Waste Ministry of Environment and Forestry 2005, IV. Quarter 2- 2005, IV. Quarter
Table 22.2.1.1 (Continued)

No Title and number of EU legislation Title of Draft Turkish Legislation Responsible Institution Proposed Date of Approval of Minister/Council of Ministers Proposed Date of
1- Adoption by the Parliament
2- Entry into force a)
3 Directive 2000/76/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 4 December 2000 on the incineration of waste b) Implementing Regulation on Incineration of Waste Ministry of Environment and Forestry 2005, IV. Quarter 2- 2005, IV. Quarter
4 Council Directive 1999/31/EC of 26 April 1999 on the landfill of waste Implementing Regulation on Landfill of Waste Ministry of Environment and Forestry 2005, IV. Quarter 2- 2005, IV. Quarter
5 Council Regulation (EEC) No 259/93 of 1 February 1993 on the supervision and control of shipments of waste within, into and out of the European Community Implementing Regulation on the Shipment of Waste c) Ministry of Environment and Forestry 2005, IV. Quarter 2- 2005, IV. Quarter
a) As the implementation of the legislation under this priority requires heavy investment for both the public and private sector, it is deemed necessary to make infrastructural investment and to strengthen technical capacity. Therefore, the context in which it will be implemented will be determined during legislation preparation.
b) repealing Directives 89/369/EEC, 89/429/EEC and 94/67/EEC.
c)Decisions 94/774/EC, 1547/1999/EC are going to be taken into account during preparation of the Draft Regulation
3-Schedule of Necessary Institutional Changes
Table 22.2.1.2

No Necessary Institutional Changes - (Ministry of Environment and Forestry) Period of Implementation
1 Financial strengthening of the local authorities (municipalities) From 2004 onwards (continuously)
2 Technical strengthening of the local authorities (municipalities) From 2004 onwards (continuously)
3 Establishment of a unit responsible from integrated waste management and training of its personnel From 2004 onwards (continuously)
4 Establishment of a network for access to information regarding waste amount, waste quantity, interim storage, disposal etc. From 2004 onwards (continuously)
5 Establishing separate collection systems for waste minimisation and strengthening of recycling system 2004- 2006
6 Strengthening the infrastructure of the licensing system of the waste recovery and disposal facilities, recruitment of personnel and training of the personnel via training of trainers 2004-2006
4-Financing Requirements and Sources of Financing
Table 22.2.1.3 (Euro)

Requirements - (Ministry of Environment and Forestry) Year National Budget EU Resources Other Total
I-Investment a)
II- Harmonisation with the EU legislation and Implementation 2004-2006 (1)
Personnel 2004-2006 160,000 160,000
Training 2004-2006 5,000 (2)+50,000b) 55,000
Consultancy 2004-2006 (3)+200,000c) 200,000
Translation 2004-2006 5,000 10,000 15,000
Other 2004-2006 (1)+(2)+(3) = 1 400 000d) 1,400,000
Total 170,000 1,660,000 1,830,000
a) The investment requirement will be determined once the Project on Integrated Environmental Harmonisation Strategy (2002-31739) is finalised. In addition, studies on priority environmental projects for accession and supporting the development of an efficient financial mechanism for financing EU environmental heavy-cost directives will be carried out in the context of the environmental heavy cost investments component of the Capacity Development in The Field Of Environment (TR-362.03) Project under the 2002 Pre-accession Financial Assistance Programme.
b) Amount required for the activities related to EU legislation which is not covered by the project (TR-0302.03) proposed to 2003 Programming of Pre-accession Financial Assistance.
c) Amount required for the activities related to EU legislation which is not covered by the project (TR-0302.03) proposed to 2003 Programming of Pre-accession Financial Assistance.
d) Twinning amount of the Project (TR-302.03) waste component proposed to 2003 Programming of Pre-accession Financial Assistance.



Task 22.2.2 Hazardous Waste Management
1-Priority Description
Implementing Regulation on Hazardous Waste Control published in the Official Gazette No. 22387 dated 27 August 1995 corresponds to a large extent to definitions and provisions of Council Directive 75/442/EEC on waste. However, provisions relating to waste management principles are not clear and there is a need to strengthen provisions regarding record keeping, monitoring and enforcing. Studies to change relevant Turkish legislation has been initiated, and in the light of the results of the Project on Hazardous Waste Management financed out of the national budget, harmonization strategies are being prepared.
Turkey has been a party to the Basel Convention since 1994. Provisions of the convention are strictly implemented within the scope of the Implementing Regulation on Hazardous Waste Control. In the accession process, preparation of separate implementing regulation concerning the shipment of waste is envisaged.
2- Schedule of Necessary Legislative Changes
Table 22.2.2.1


No Title and number of EU legislation Title of Draft Turkish Legislation Responsible Institution Proposed Date of Approval of Minister/Council of Ministers Proposed Date of
1- Adoption by the Parliament
2- Entry into force a)
1 Council Directive 91/689/EEC of 12 December 1991 on hazardous waste Revision of the Implementing Regulation on Hazardous Waste Ministry of Environment and Forestry 2005, IV. Quarter 2- 2005, IV. Quarter
a) As the implementation of the legislation under this priority requires heavy investment for both the public and private sector, it is deemed necessary to make infrastructure investment and to strengthen technical capacity. Therefore, the context in which it will be implemented will be determined during legislation preparation.
3-Schedule of Necessary Institutional Changes
Table 22.2.2.2

No Necessary Institutional Changes - (Ministry of Environment and Forestry) Period of Implementation
1 Strengthening the hazardous waste inventory system and establishing a network for technology transfer 2004-2006
2 Strengthening the infrastructure of the licensing system of the waste recovery and disposal facilities, recruitment and training of personnel 2004-2006
3 Training of the central and provincial office personnel and personnel of the local authorities (municipalities) 2004-2006
4 Training of industrialists 2004-2006
4-Financing Requirements and Sources of Financing
Table 22.2.2.3 (Euro)

Requirements - (Ministry of Environment and Forestry) Year National Budget EU Resources Other Total
I-Investment a)
II- Harmonisation with the EU legislation and Implementation b)
Personnel 2004-2006 160,000 160,000
Table 22.2.2.3 (Continued) (Euro)

Requirements - (Ministry of Environment and Forestry) Year National Budget EU Resources Other Total
Training 2004-2006 5,000 50,000c) 55,000
Consultancy 2004-2006 200,000c) 200,000
Translation 2004-2006 5,000 10,000 15,000
Other
Total 170,000 260,000 430,000
a) The investment requirement will be determined once the Project on Integrated Environmental Harmonisation Strategy (2002-31739) is finalised. In addition, studies on priority environmental projects for accession and supporting the development of an efficient financial mechanism for financing EU environmental heavy-cost directives will be carried out in the context of the environmental heavy cost investments component of the Capacity Development in The Field Of Environment (TR-362.03) Project under the 2002 Pre-accession Financial Assistance Programme.
b) The information regarding the waste management component of the Twinning Project TR-302.03 proposed to the 2003 Pre-accession Financial Assistance Programme was previously given in Table 22.2.1.3.
c) Amount required for the activities related to EU legislation which is not included in the project (TR-0302.03) proposed to the 2003 Pre-accession Financial Assistance Programme.
Task 22.2.3 Specific Waste Management
1-Priority Description
The Implementing Regulation on Solid Waste Control contains certain provisions regarding management of packaging waste management. Waste oils, disposal of PCB (polychlorinated biphenyls) and PCT (polychlorinated terphenyls), spent batteries and accumulators are within the scope of the Implementing Regulation on Hazardous Waste Control. However, there is no corresponding Turkish legislation reflecting the provisions of the Directive on end-of-life vehicles. Even though, parts of the existing Turkish legislation are in harmony with certain provisions of directives on waste management, there are legal gaps and specific issues that need to be clearly identified. In this context, studies have been initiated to prepare draft regulations in full harmony with the EU directives listed below.
2- Schedule of Necessary Legislative Changes
Table 22.2.3.1

No Title and number of EU legislation Title of Draft Turkish Legislation Responsible Institution Proposed Date of Approval of Minister/Council of Ministers Proposed Date of
1- Adoption by the Parliament
2- Entry into force a)
1 European Parliament and Council Directive 94/62/EC of 20 December 1994 on packaging and packaging waste Implementing Regulation on Packaging and Packaging Waste Control b) Ministry of Environment and Forestry 2003, IV. Quarter 2- 2004, II Quarter
Table 22.2.3.1 (Continued)

No Title and number of EU legislation Title of Draft Turkish Legislation Responsible Institution Proposed Date of Approval of Minister/Council of Ministers Proposed Date of
1- Adoption by the Parliament
2- Entry into force a)
2 Council Directive 75/439/EEC of 16 June 1975 on the disposal of waste oils (Council Directive 87/101/EEC of 22 December 1986 amending Directive 75/439/EEC on the disposal of waste oils) Implementing Regulation on Waste Oils Ministry of Environment and Forestry 2004, II. Quarter 2- 2004, II. Quarter
3 Council Directive 96/59/EC of 16 September 1996 on the disposal of polychlorinated biphenyls and polychlorinated terphenyls (PCB/PCT) Communiqué on PCB and PCT Waste Management Ministry of Environment and Forestry 2005, IV. Quarter 2- 2005, IV. Quarter
4 Council Directive 91/157/EEC of 18 March 1991 on batteries and accumulators containing certain dangerous substances (will be evaluated together with the Directive 98/101/EC) Implementing Regulation on the Control of Spent Batteries and Accumulators Ministry of Environment and Forestry 2004, II. Quarter 2- 2004, II. Quarter
5 Commission Directive 93/86/EEC of 4 October 1993 adapting to technical progress Council Directive 91/157/EEC on batteries and accumulators containing certain dangerous substances Implementing Regulation on the Control of Spent Batteries and Accumulators Ministry of Environment and Forestry 2004, II. Quarter 2- 2004, II. Quarter
6 Directive 2000/53/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 September 2000 on end-of life vehicles - Commission Statements Implementing Regulation on the Control and Management of End-of-Life Vehicles Ministry of Environment and Forestry
Ministry of Industry and Trade c) 2005, IV. Quarter 2. 2005, IV. Quarter
a) As the implementation of the legislation under this priority requires heavy investment for both the public and private sector, it is deemed necessary to make infrastructure investment and to strengthen technical capacity. Therefore, the context in which it will be implemented will be determined during legislation preparation.
b) Decisions 99/652/EC, 97/129/EC, 2001/171/EC, 97/138/EC, 99/177/EC, 99/42/EC and 99/823/EC will be taken into consideration during preparation of draft regulations.
c) The Ministry of Industry and Trade will contribute to the studies.
3-Schedule of Necessary Institutional Changes
Table 22.2.3.2

No Necessary Institutional Changes - (Ministry of Environment and Forestry) Period of Implementation
1 Establishment of separate collection systems for packaging waste From 2004 onwards (Continuously)
Table 22.2.3.2 (Continued)

No Necessary Institutional Changes - (Ministry of Environment and Forestry) Period of Implementation
2 Financial strengthening of local authorities (municipalities) From 2004 onwards (Continuously)
3 Technical strengthening of local authorities (municipalities) From 2004 onwards (Continuously)
4 Recruitment and training of personnel 2004-2006
5 Strengthening the special waste inventory system and establishing a network for technology transfer 2004-2006
6 Strengthening the infrastructure of the licensing system for specific waste recovery and disposal facilities and training of staff on this issue 2004-2006
4-Financing Requirements and Sources of Financing
Table 22.2.3.3 (Euro)

Requirements - (Ministry of Environment and Forestry) Year National Budget EU Resources Other Total
I-Investment a)
II- Harmonisation with the EU legislation and Implementation b)
Personnel 2004-2006 160,000 160,000
Training 2004-2006 5,000 50,000c) 55,000
Consultancy 2004-2006 200,000c) 200,000
Translation 2004-2006 5,000 10,000 15,000
Other
Total 170,000 260,000 430,000
a) The investment requirement will be determined once the Project on Integrated Environmental Harmonisation Strategy (2002-31739) is finalised. In addition, studies on priority environmental projects for accession and supporting the development of an efficient financial mechanism for financing EU environmental heavy-cost directives will be carried out in the context of the environmental heavy cost investments component of the Capacity Development in The Field Of Environment (TR-362.03) Project under the 2002 Pre-accession Financial Assistance Programme.
b) The information regarding Project (TR-302.03) proposed to the 2003 Pre-accession Financial Assistance Programme was previously given in Table 22.2.1.3.
c) Amount required for the activities related to EU legislation which is not included in the project (TR-0302.03) proposed to the 2003 Pre-accession Financial Assistance Programme.

PRIORITY 22.3 Improving Air Quality
1-Priority Description
Air quality has been designated as a priority, considering that beginning to transpose and implement the acquis is a short term priority, and completing the transposition of the acquis and strengthening institutional, administrative, and monitoring capacity, including data collection, to ensure environmental protection are medium term priorities in the 2003 Accession Partnership Document.
There is a need for eliminating differences between Turkish and EU air quality legislation. The Ministry of Health contributes to harmonization efforts carried out by the Ministry of Environment and Forestry.
The project entitled “strengthening of the implementation of Council Decision 97/101/EC on ambient air quality assessment, management and reciprocal information exchange (as part of Air Quality Directive 96/62/EC) at the Refik Saydam Hygiene Centre, Ministry of Health, Turkey”, supported by bilateral cooperation with the Government of the Netherlands MATRA Programme, was initiated in 2003. In addition, in the scope of the Support to Turkey in the Field of Air Quality, Chemicals and Waste Management Project, which was submitted to 2003 Financial Cooperation Programme, strengthening of administrative capacity for harmonizing and implementing Air Quality Directive 96/62/EC will be studied.
Secondary legislation promulgated in the field of air quality are listed in Annex 22.1.
2- Schedule of Necessary Legislative Changes
Table 22.3.1

No Title and number of EU legislation Title of Draft Turkish Legislation Responsible Institution a) Proposed Date of Approval of Minister/Council of Ministers Proposed Date of
1- Adoption by the Parliament
2- Entry into force
1 Council Directive 96/62/EC of 27 September 1996 on ambient air quality assessment and management Implementing Regulation Ministry of Environment and Forestry 2005, IV. Quarter b)
2 Council Directive 1999/30/EC of 22 April 1999 relating to limit values for sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide and oxides of nitrogen, particulate matter and lead in ambient air (was amended by Directive 2001/744/EC)c) Implementing Regulation Ministry of Environment and Forestry For preparation of the legislation
2005, IV. Quarter b)
3 Directive 2002/3/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 12 February 2002 relating to ozone in ambient air Implementing Regulation Ministry of Environment and Forestry For preparation of the legislation
2005, IV. Quarter b)

Table 22.3.1 (Continued)

No Title and number of EU legislation Title of Draft Turkish Legislation Responsible Institution a) Proposed Date of Approval of Minister/Council of Ministers Proposed Date of
1- Adoption by the Parliament
2- Entry into force
4 Directive 2000/69/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 November 2000 relating to limit values for benzene and carbon monoxide in ambient air Implementing Regulation Ministry of Environment and Forestry For preparation of the legislation
2005, IV. Quarter b)
5 Council Directive 1999/32/EC of 26 April 1999 relating to a reduction in the sulphur content of certain liquid fuels and amending Directive 93/12/EEC Secondary legislation Ministry of Environment and Forestry d)
6 Directive 98/70/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 13 October 1998 relating to the quality of petrol and diesel fuels and amending Council Directive 93/12/EEC Implementing Regulation Ministry of Environment and Forestry d)
7 Directive 1999/94/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 13 December 1999 relating to the availability of consumer information on fuel economy and CO2 emissions in respect of the marketing of new passenger cars Communiqué to inform the consumers on fuel economy and CO2 emissions of new passenger cars Ministry of Industry and Trade 2003, II. Quarter 2- 2007, I. Quarterd)
a) The Ministry of Health will contribute to the studies.
b) As the implementation of the legislation under this priority requires heavy investment for both the public and private sector, it is deemed necessary to make infrastructural investment and to strengthen technical capacity. Therefore, the implementation date will be determined during legislation preparation.
c) It will be taken into account together with the Directives 80/779/EEC, 82/884/EEC, 85/203/EEC concerning limits.
d) The attainment of the limits within the scope of this Directive depends on investment by the Turkish Petroleum Refineries Corporation (TÜPRAŞ). The preparation of the necessary legislation will be dealt with in parallel to the progress regarding the investments and/or the implementation dates will be determined depending on these investments.
3- Schedule of Necessary Institutional Changes
Table 22.3.2

No Necessary Institutional Changes - (Ministry of Environment and Forestry) Period of Implementation
Air Quality
1 Assignment of authorised institutions at the national, regional and local level 2006
Table 22.3.2 (Continued)

No Necessary Institutional Changes - (Ministry of Environment and Forestry) Period of Implementation
2 Strengthening technical and administrative capacity of the Ministry of Environment and Forestry 2006
3 Establishment of the air quality monitoring station network and measurement quality system and improvement of the laboratory infrastructure As from 2006
4 Evaluation of the air quality in all different areas (including monitoring and modelling) and setting up an inventory 2010
5 Preparation of plans to improve air quality for areas where good air quality cannot be achieved 2010
6 Implementation of the plans for improvement of air quality 2010
7 Establishment of monitoring systems for the greenhouse gases and transboundary transport of pollutants 2010
8 Training on legislation and technical issues for staff involved in air quality. 2010
Fuel Quality
1 Improvement of quality of diesel fuels 2007
2 Improvement of quality of petrol 2007
3 Improvement of the quality of the liquid fuel used for purposes other than automobiles Investment by TÜPRAŞ is essential.

Table 22.3.3

No. Necessary Institutional Changes - (Ministry of Health) Period of Implementation
1 Training on legislation and its implementation for the personnel of the Ministry of Health central office staff, staff of the Refik Saydam Hygiene Centre (RSHM), and Provincial Health Directorates 2004-2006
2 Elimination of the technical deficiencies in the infrastructure of the Refik Saydam Centre of Hygiene (RSHM) and Public Health Laboratory for the monitoring of the air quality 2004-2006
3 Strengthening of the system to inform the public on air quality 2004-2006

4-Financing Requirements and Sources of Financing
Table 22.3.4 (Euro)

Requirements - (Ministry of Environment and Forestry) Year National Budget EU Resources Other Total
I-Investment a)
II- Harmonisation with the EU legislation and Implementation 2004-2006 (1)
Personnel
Training 2004-2006 5,000 (2)+50,000b) 55,000
Consultancy 2004-2006 (3)+200,000b)
200,000
Translation 2004-2006 5,000 10,000 15,000
Other
TR-0302.03c)
2004-2006

(1)+(2)+(3) = 1,500,000

1,500,000
Total 10,000 1,760,000 1,770,000
a) The investment requirement will be determined once the Project on Integrated Environmental Harmonisation Strategy (2002-31739) is finalised. In addition, studies on priority environmental projects for accession and supporting the development of an efficient financial mechanism for financing EU environmental heavy-cost directives will be carried out in the context of the environmental heavy cost investments component of the Capacity Development in The Field Of Environment (TR-362.03) Project under the 2002 Pre-accession Financial Assistance Programme.
b) This amount is required for the activities related to EU legislation which is not included in the project (TR-0302.03) proposed to the 2003 Pre-accession Financial Assistance Programme. The needs of the Ministry of Health will also be considered in this context.
c) Twinning Support to Turkey in the field of Air Quality, Chemicals and Waste Management Project (TR-302.03), air quality component (including Directives 96/62/EC on air quality and Directive 2001/80/EC on large combustion plants), proposed to 2003 Pre-accession Financial Assistance Programme.





Table 22.3.5 (Euro)

Requirements - (Ministry of Health) Year National Budget EU Resources Other Total
I-Investment
a-TR-0302.03a)
b-Other b)
2004-2006
2004-2006
a- 350,000
b- (1)
a- 1,050,000
b- (2)

b- (3)
a- 1,400,000
b- 2,000,000 – 4,000,000
II- Harmonisation with the EU legislation and Implementation 2004-2006 (4)
Personnel 2004-2006 160,000 160,000
Training 2004-2006 5,000 (5) 5,000
Consultancy 2004-2006 (6)
Translation 2004-2006 5,000 10,000 15,000
Other (4)+(5)+(6) = 403 000c) 403,000
Total 520,000 1,060,000 403,000 3,983,000 - 5,983,000
a) Investment amount of Support to Turkey in the field of Air Quality, Chemicals and Waste Management Project (TR-302.03) proposed to 2003 Pre-accession Financial Assistance Programme, twinning amount was previously given in Table 22.3.4.
b) This amount is required for the EU legislation which is not included in the project (TR-0302.03) proposed to the 2003 Programming of Pre-accession Financial Assistance.
c) The project “strengthening of the implementation Council Decision 97/101/EC on ambient air quality assessment, management and reciprocal information exchange (as part of the Air Quality Directive 96/62/EC) in the Refik Saydam Hygiene Centre, Ministry of Health, Turkey”, supported by the bilateral cooperation with the Government of Netherlands, the MATRA Programme (MAT02/TR/9/2)

PRIORITY 22.4. Nature Protection
1- Priority Description
In the Council Decision of 19 May 2003 on the Accession Partnership with the Republic of Turkey, the adoption and implementation of the acquis on nature protection is among the short-term priorities.
The Implementing Regulation Regarding the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora was published in the Official Gazette No. 24623, dated 27 December 2001 and entered into force on the same date. The Communiqué No 2003/19 on the Import of Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora and Communiqué No 2003/1 on the Export of Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora were published in the Official Gazette No. 25027, dated 21 February 2003. In the preparation of the above-mentioned Implementing Regulation, Directive 338/97/EC was taken into consideration. However, only partial compatibility has been achieved and studies continue in order to achieve full compatibility.
The following legislation is covered within the context of the Twinning Project on Capacity Building In the Field of Environment for Turkey in the 2002 Pre-accession Financial Assistance Programme:
- Council Directive 79/409/EEC of 2 April 1979 on the conservation of wild birds as amended by Directive 97/49/EEC
- Council Directive 92/43/EEC of 21 May 1992 on the conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora as amended by Directive 97/62/EC
- Council Regulation (EC) No 338/97 of 9 December 1996 on the protection of species of wild fauna and flora by regulating trade therein
- Commission Regulation (EC) No 1808/2001 of 30 August 2001 laying down detailed rules concerning the implementation of Council Regulation (EC) No 338/97 on the protection of species of wild fauna and flora by regulating trade therein
Although revisions to the Law on Environment, the Law on National Parks and the Law on Land Hunting continue in order to eliminate gaps and weaknesses in the current legislation, a new law in order to adopt the Habitat and Birds Directives, to protect biodiversity, and with regard to nature protection is also assumed to be necessary. This new law will also provide a framework for the adoption and implementation of the nature protection component of the EU environment acquis.
A strategy has been prepared to protect biodiversity with a project financed by Global Environmental Facility (GEF) Funds and to draft a new law for nature protection.
2- Schedule of Necessary Legislative Changes
Table 22.4.1

No Title and number of EU legislation Title of Draft Turkish Legislation Responsible Institution Proposed Date of Approval of Minister/Council of Ministers Proposed Date of
1- Adoption by the Parliament
2- Entry into force
1 Council Directive 92/43/EEC of 21 May 1992 on the conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora amended by Council Directive 97/62/EC






2 97/266/EC: Commission Decision of 18 December 1996 concerning a site information format for proposed Natura 2000 sites
3 Commission Directive 97/49/EC of 29 July 1997 amending Council Directive 79/409/EEC on the conservation of wild birds

Table 22.4.1 (Continued)

No Title and number of EU legislation Title of Draft Turkish Legislation Responsible Institution Proposed Date of Approval of Minister/Council of Ministers Proposed Date of
1- Adoption by the Parliament
2- Entry into force
Revision of the National Implementation Regulation of the CITES Convention Ministry of Environment and Forestry
Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs
TÜBİTAK
Undersecretariat for Foreign Trade
Undersecretariat of Customs 2004, IV. Quarter 2- 2004, IV. Quarter
Amendment to the Communiqué No 2003/1 on the Export of Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora 15.12.2004 2- 31.12.2004
Amendment to the Communiqué No 2003/19 on the Import of Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora 15.12.2004 2- 31.12.2004
Law on Land Hunting Ministry of Environment and Forestry 31.12.2003 1- 2004, IV. Quarter
2- 2005, III. Quarter
5 Commission Regulation (EC) No 1808/2001 of 30 August 2001 laying down detailed rules concerning the implementation of Council Regulation (EC) No 338/97 on the protection of species of wild fauna and flora by regulating trade therein Revision of the National Implementation Regulation of the CITES Convention Ministry of Environment and Forestry
Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs
TÜBİTAK
Undersecretariat for Foreign Trade
Undersecretariat of Customs 2004, IV. Quarter 2- 2004, IV. Quarter
Table 22.4.1 (Continued)

No Title and number of EU legislation Title of Draft Turkish Legislation Responsible Institution Proposed Date of Approval of Minister/Council of Ministers Proposed Date of
1- Adoption by the Parliament
2- Entry into force
Amendment to the Communiqué No 2003/1 on the Export of Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora 15.12.2004 2- 31.12.2004
Amendment to the Communiqué No 2003/19 on the Import of Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora 15.12.2004 2- 31.12.2004
Law on Land Hunting Ministry of Environment and Forestry 31.12.2003 1- 2004, IV. Quarter
2- 2005, III. Quarter
6 Council Regulation (EEC) No 3254/91 of 4 November 1991 prohibiting the use of leghold traps in the Community and the introduction into the Community of pelts and manufactured goods of certain wild animal species originating in countries which catch them by means of leghold traps or trapping methods which do not meet international humane trapping standards Law on Land Hunting Ministry of Environment and Forestry 31.12.2003 1- 2004, IV. Quarter
2- 2005, III. Quarter
7 Commission Regulation (EC) No 35/97 of 10 January 1997 laying down provisions on the certification of pelts and goods covered by Council Regulation (EEC) No 3254/91 Law on Land Hunting Ministry of Environment and Forestry 31.12.2003 1- 2004, IV. Quarter
2- 2005, III. Quarter



Table 22.4.1 (Continued)

No Title and number of EU legislation Title of Draft Turkish Legislation Responsible Institution Proposed Date of Approval of Minister/Council of Ministers Proposed Date of
1- Adoption by the Parliament
2- Entry into force
8 97/602/EC: Council Decision of 22 July 1997 concerning the list referred to in the second subparagraph of Article 3 (1) of Regulation (EEC) No 3254/91 and in Article 1 (1) (a) of Commission Regulation (EC) No 35/97 Law on Land Hunting Ministry of Environment and Forestry 31.12.2003 1- 2004, IV. Quarter
2- 2005, III. Quarter
9 Council Regulation (EEC) No 348/81 of 20 January 1981 on common rules for imports of whales or other cetacean products New legislation Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs Will be determined during the negotiation process.
10 Council Directive 83/129/EEC of 28 March 1983 concerning the importation into Member States of skins of certain seal pups and products derived therefrom New legislation Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs Will be determined during the negotiation process.
11 Council Directive 1999/22/EC of 29 March 1999 relating to the keeping of wild animals in zoos a) Implementing Regulation on Establishment and Operation of the Zoos Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs 28.08.2004 November 2004
12 Council Directive 86/609/EEC of 24 November 1986 on the approximation of laws, regulations and administrative provisions of the Member States regarding the protection of animals used for experimental and other scientific purposes New legislation on the protection of animals used for experimental and other scientific purposes Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs
Ministry of Environment and Forestry
Ministry of Health 2004, II. Quarter 2004, II. Quarter
13 90/67/EEC: Commission Decision of 9 February 1990 setting up an Advisory Committee on the Protection of Animals Used for Experimental and Other Scientific Purposes New legislation on the protection of animals used for experimental and other scientific purposes Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs
Ministry of Environment and Forestry
Ministry of Health 2004, II. Quarter 2004, II. Quarter
a) This Directive is dealt under chapter 7- Agriculture Priority 7.2.
3- Schedule for Necessary Institutional Changes
Table 22.4.2

No Necessary Institutional Changes - (Ministry of Environment and Forestry) Period of Implementation
1 Establishment of a national council or committee that will be responsible for site announcement, monitoring and guidance on implementation 2004, II. Quarter
2 Evaluation of the institutional capacity of the newly merged Ministry of Environment and Forestry regarding nature protection planning and site planning January 2004
3 Strengthening of the local financial, personnel and equipment capacities to establish a perfectly protected sites network 2005
4 Establishment of a coordination mechanism between all the related institutions responsible for nature protection management, rehabilitation and restoration and its impact at the national, regional and local level, and building the technical infrastructure at the line ministry for this purpose 2005
5 Establishment of a database to monitor the Natura 2000 sites 2006
6 Establishment of monitoring databases for species 2006
7 Strengthening the capacity for the enforcement of the new law 2005 - 2006
8 Increasing the consciousness and training of the populace 2003 - 2005
9 Evaluation of the requirements and projects with high priority 2004 - 2005
10 Compilation of the data in electronic format for the diagnosis and identification of the CITES speciesa) 2005
11 Standardisation of the CITES documents and establishment of a databasea) 2005
12 Establishment of an information network between all the related official institutions and the publica) 2005
13 Improvement of the current rescue centres for the CITES species and establishment of new rescue centres b)
14 Establishment of protection, control and monitoring systems for the CITES species b)
15 Training of the stakeholders, and information meetingsa) 2003 - 2005
16 Feasibility study for improving the capacities of the related institutions for CITES procedures 2005
Table 22.4.2 (Continued)

No Necessary Institutional Changes - (Ministry of Environment and Forestry) Period of Implementation
17 Improving the capacities of the related institutions for CITES procedures Will be determined according to the results of the study mentioned in Item 16.
18 Supporting the institutional infrastructure of the Ministry of Environment and Forestry for an effective national and international coordination of the implementation of CITES legislation 2004
19 Establishment of CITES office/offices b)
20 Supporting the research activities for determination of the endangered species of wild fauna and flora due to international trade to be added to the CITES Convention lists 2004c)
21 Establishment of a consultancy committee and its secretariat for the protection of animals used for experimental and other scientific purposes which will continue working for 20 years From 2004 on
a) The completion of this activity is foreseen within the Twinning Project on Capacity Building In the Field of Environment for Turkey.
b) The requirements will be determined according to the results of the Twinning Project on Capacity Building In the Field of Environment for Turkey.
c) It is foreseen that this activity will start with the determination of priority species


4- Financing Requirements and Sources of Financing
Table 22.4.3 (Euro)

Requirements - (Ministry of Environment and Forestry) Year National Budget EU Resources Other Total
For necessary institutional changes 1 - 9 Will be determined in 2005 according to the results of the studies of the working groups
For institutional change 18 2004 3,000 12,000 15,000
2002 Twinning Projecta) 2003 - 2005 1,000,000 3,000,000 4,000,000

Table 22.4.3 (Continued) (Euro)

Requirements - (Ministry of Environment and Forestry) Year National Budget EU Resources Other Total
II- Harmonisation with the EU legislation and Implementation
2002 Twinning Projecta) 2003 - 2005 1,500,000 1,500,000
For necessary institutional changes 1 - 9 2004 - 2005 75,230b) 50,689c) 125,919
For institutional changes No 16,18 2004 - 2005 180,000d) 180,000
Training For necessary institutional changes 1 - 9 2005 Internet site and brochures = 2,112 2,112
For necessary institutional changes 1 - 9 2004 52,969 e) 52,969
For institutional change No 16 2005 National expert
(2 man /month) = 15,000 Foreign expert
(2 man/ month) = 60,000 75,000
Translation 2003 - 2004 Translation of national legislation = 3,000 6,759 9,759
For necessary institutional changes 1 - 9 2004 - 2005 8,448f) 8,448
For institutional change No 20g) 2004 - 2006 1,500,000 1,500,000
The cost of implementation of the Habitat and Birds Directives h) 2004 - 2024 1,100,000 1,100,000
For institutional change No 21h) 2004 - 2006 720,000 720,000
Total 2003 - 2006 2,006,790 7,292,417 9,299,207
a) Twinning Project on Capacity Building In the Field of Environment for Turkey in the 2002 Pre-accession Financial Assistance Programme.
b) Task 1: Ministry of Environment and Forestry acts as the coordinator 22,810, Task 2: Guidance Committee 10,391, Task 3: Task Force 8,448, Task 4: Law Expert (Lawyer) 10,264, Task 6: Technical Group 23,317.
c) Twinning Project – Support to the working groups and legal drafting expertise.
d) Ministry of Environment and Forestry CITES office (5 people/year): 160,000, Project team (16 man/month): 20,000.
e) Tasks 2 & 3: National consultancy 12,672, Task 4: Consultancy on law: 6,505, Task 5 : National and international consultancy: 33,792 (costs included).
f) Two workshops for public consultancy (each 150 people): 5,069, Communication and intranet site: 3,379.
g) Support to research on the wild fauna and flora in Turkey which is foreseen to be added to the CITES Convention lists that are not covered by 2002 Twinning Project, and other studies carried out in this context
h) This is the cost for 20 years calculated under the scope of the Project on Analysis of Environmental Legislation for Turkey (MEDA/TUR/ENLARG/D4-01).
PRIORITY 22.5 Industrial Pollution and Risk Management
1-Priority Description
Industrial pollution and risk management are assigned as priorities, considering that beginning to transpose and implement the acquis is a short term priority, and completing the transposition of the acquis is a medium term priority in the 2003 Accession Partnership Document.
The project entitled “Institutional strengthening for the adoption and implementation of integrated pollution prevention and control directive (IPPC - 96/61/EC)”, supported by the bilateral cooperation with the Government of Netherlands, MATRA Programme, was initiated in 2003. In addition, the Support to Turkey in the Field of Air Quality, Chemicals and Waste Management Project (TR-362.03), which has been submitted to the 2003 Pre-accession Financial Assistance Programme, involves strengthening of administrative capacity for harmonizing and implementing Directive 2001/80/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 October 2001 on the limitation of emissions of certain pollutants into the air from large combustion plants.
The Seveso I Directive was translated into Turkish in 1996 and The Circular on Local Emergency Plans for Major Industrial Accidents was prepared and has been communicated to all provinces. In the frame of the Seveso II Directive (96/82/EC), the Draft Implementing Regulation on Functions of Environment Emergency Centres and Principles of Emergency Intervention is being prepared. Since implementation of the Seveso II Directive requires heavy cost investment for both public and private sector, the Seveso II Directive could not be elaborated in this National Programme.
For the harmonization and implementation of Directives on industrial pollution and risk management, particularly integrated pollution prevention control and the limitation of emissions of certain pollutants into the air from large combustion plants, heavy cost investments and strengthening of technical capacity are required.
For the implementation of legislation under this priority, transition periods will be required depending on whether the investment needs are met.
2- Schedule of Necessary Legislative Changes
Table 22.5.1

No Title and number of EU legislation Title of Draft Turkish Legislation Responsible Institution a) Proposed Date of Approval of Minister/Council of Ministers Proposed Date of
1- Adoption by the Parliament
2- Entry into force
1 Council Directive 96/61/EC of 24 September 1996 concerning integrated pollution prevention and control New legislation Ministry of Environment and Forestry 2006, IV. Quarter b)
2 Council Directive 84/360/EEC of 28 June 1984 on the combating of air pollution from industrial plants New legislation Ministry of Environment and Forestry 2006, IV. Quarter b)
3 Directive 2001/80/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 October 2001 on the limitation of emissions of certain pollutants into the air from large combustion plants New legislation Ministry of Environment and Forestry 2006, II. Quarter b)
a) The Ministry of Health will contribute to the related legislation harmonization studies.
b) As the implementation of the legislation under this priority requires heavy investment for both the public and private sector, it is deemed necessary to make infrastructural investment and to strengthen technical capacity. Therefore, the date of entry into force will be determined during legislation preparation.
3- Schedule of Necessary Institutional Changes
Table 22.5.2

No Necessary Institutional Changes - (Ministry of Environment and Forestry) Period of Implementation
Industrial Facilities
1 Assignment of the authorised body 2006, II. Quarter
2 Preparation of the inventory of large combustion plants 2004-2006
3 Cost analysis of the technological modifications to meet the emission limits determined within the context of large combustion plants Directive 2004-2006
4 Inventory studies on technology and treatment techiniques etc. 2004-2006
5 Preparation of emission inventory As from 2006
6 Preparation of programmes to reduce emission loads As from 2006
7 Determination of financial resources and time periods for transition to the new technologies As from 2006
8 Establishment of the infrastructure and equipment for continuous measurement of the pollutants and setting up measurement quality system 2006, II. Quarter
Integrated Pollution Prevention
1 Preparation of the scope inventory (Annex I Facilities of the IPPC Directive) 2006
2 Determination of the “Best Available Technologies” for Turkey, harmonisation requirements, and performing cost analysis 2006
3 Analysis of the institutional requirements and clarification of competencies. 2004-2006
4 Elimination of the disorganisation in issuing permits, and simplification of the permit system 2006
5 Establishment of technological and administrative structure 2010
6 Increasing capacity in terms of human resources 2010
7 Preparation of implementation guidelines for the implementing staff 2010
8 Preparation of implementation guidelines for the sectors 2010
Table 22.5.2 (Continued)

No Necessary Institutional Changes - (Ministry of Environment and Forestry) Period of Implementation
9 Implementation of economically and technologically reasonable emission limits 2010
10 Accreditation in measurement of emissions and submission of the emission data to the European Commission 2010
11 Initiation of integrated permitted applications 2010

4- Financing Requirements and Sources of Financing
Table 22.5.3 (Euro)

Requirements - (Ministry of Environment and Forestry) Year National Budget EU Resources Other Total
I-Investment a)
II- Harmonisation with the EU legislation and Implementation b) 2004-2006 (1)
Personnel 2004-2006 160.000 160.000
Training 2004-2006 5.000 50.000 c) (2) 55.000
Consultancy 2004-2006 200.000 c) (3) 200.000
Translation 2004-2006 20.000 20.000
Other (1)+(2)+(3)= 525.000 d) 525.000
Total 165.000 270.000 525.000 960.000
a) The investment requirement will be determined once the Project on Integrated Environmental Harmonisation Strategy (2002-31739) is finalised. In addition, studies on priority environmental projects for accession and supporting the development of an efficient financial mechanism for financing EU environmental heavy-cost directives will be carried out in the context of the environmental heavy cost investments component of the Capacity Development in The Field Of Environment (TR-362.03) Project under the 2002 Pre-accession Financial Assistance Programme.
b) The information regarding Directives 96/62/EC and 2001/80/EC in the context of Support to Turkey in the Field of Air Quality, Chemicals and Waste Management Project (TR-302.03) proposed to the 2003 Pre-accession Financial Assistance Programme is given in Table 22.3.4.
c) This amount is required for the activities related to EU legislation which is not included in the project (TR-302.03) proposed to the 2003 Pre-accession Financial Assistance Programme.
d) The project “Institutional strengthening for the adoption and implementation of integrated pollution prevention and control directive (IPPC - 96/61/EC)”, supported by the bilateral cooperation with the Government of Netherlands, MATRA Programme, (PPA02/TR/7/10).
PRIORITY 22.6 Increasing Strength and Effectiveness of Environmental Impact Assessment Process and Aligning with Strategic Environmental Assessment Directive
1-Priority Description
Environmental impact assessment is assigned as priority considering that that environmental impact assessment Directive Implementation and enforcement is short term priority in 2003 Accession Partnership Document. Aligning with the strategic environmental assessment Directive is designated as a priority, considering that beginning to transpose and implement the acquis is a short term priority, and completing the transposition of the acquis is a medium term priority in the 2003 Accession Partnership Document.
The project entitled Adoption and Implementation of the Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) Directive (2001/42/EC) in Turkey, supported by bilateral cooperation with the Government of the Netherlands, MATRA Programme, was initiated in 2002 and will be completed at the end of the year 2004. It also includes a pilot project to test the implementation of the Draft SEA Regulation on the tourism sector.
Promulgated Secondary Legislation related to environmental impact assessment is listed in Annex 22.1.
2- Schedule of Necessary Legislative Changes
Table 22.6.1

No Title and number of EU legislation Title of Draft Turkish Legislation Responsible Institution Proposed Date of Approval of Minister/Council of Ministers Proposed Date of
1- Adoption by the Parliament
2- Entry into force
1 Directive 2001/42/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 June 2001 on the assessment of the effects of certain plans and programmes on the environment Implementing Regulation on Strategic Environmental Impact Assessment Ministry of Environment and Forestry 2005, IV. Quarter 2. 2005, IV. Quarter
3- Schedule of Necessary Institutional Changes
Table 22.6.2

No Necessary Institutional Changes - (Ministry of Environment and Forestry) Period of Implementation
1 Training of personnel working in the field of Environmental Impact Assessment to strengthen the current institutional structure 2003-2005
2 Training of personnel working in the field of Strategic Environmental Assessment to strengthen the current institutional structure 2003-2005
3 Preparation of sectoral guidelines for increasing the effectiveness of the Environmental Impact Assessment and Strategic Environmental Assessment 2003-2005

Table 22.6.2 (Continued)

No Necessary Institutional Changes - (Ministry of Environment and Forestry) Period of Implementation
4 Training of the other Ministry personnel and the local authorities who will be involved in the implementation of the Strategic Environmental Assessment Directive via training of trainers 2003-2005
5 Strengthening of the administrative capacity to monitor the implementation of the Strategic Environmental Assessment Directive 2005-2006


4- Financing Requirements and Sources of Financing
Table 22.6.3 (Euro)

Requirements - (Ministry of Environment and Forestry) Year National Budget EU Resources Other Total
I-Investment
II- Harmonisation with the EU legislation and Implementation 2003-2005 (1)
Personnel
Training 2003-2006 10,000 100,000 (2) 110,000
Consultancy 2004-2006 400,000 (3) 400,000
Translation 2003-2006 20,000 20,000
Other (1)+(2)+(3)= 403,000a) 403,000
Total 10,000 520,000 403,000 933,000
a) The project (MAT 02/TR/9/1) on Adoption and Implementation of the Strategic Environmental Assessment Directive in Turkey carried out with the Netherlands in the framework of bilateral cooperation.


PRIORITY 22.7 Environmental Noise Management

1-Priority Description
Environmental noise management is designated as a priority, considering that beginning to transpose and implement the acquis is a short term priority, and completing the transposition of the acquis is a medium term priority in the 2003 Accession Partnership Document.
In order to align Turkish legislation with EU noise legislation, noise maps and action plans, which are taken up in Directive 2002/49/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 25 June 2002 relating to the assessment and management of environmental noise, should be developed. Adoption of action plans including preventative measures, based on the results of noise mapping requires considerable infrastructural investment and strengthening of institutional capacity. Within the scope of noise pollution in Turkey, the Implementing Regulation on Noise Control, which was issued in the Official Gazette numbered 19308 dated 11 December 1986, is in force. Implementation of the regulation is carried out by local authorities. Current legislation needs to be reviewed for full harmonization of related EU legislation.
Promulgated secondary legislation related to environmental noise management is listed in Annex 22.1.
2- Schedule of Necessary Legislative Changes
Table 22.7.1

No Title and number of EU legislation Title of Draft Turkish Legislation Responsible Institution Proposed Date of Approval of Minister/Council of Ministers Proposed Date of
1- Adoption by the Parliament
2- Entry into force
1 Directive 2002/49/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 25 June 2002 relating to the assessment and management of environmental noise Secondary legislation Ministry of Environment and Forestry 2005, IV. Quarter 2. 2006, IV. Quarter
3- Schedule of Necessary Institutional Changes
Table 22.7.2

No Necessary Institutional Changes - (Ministry of Environment and Forestry) Period of Implementation
1 Turkey-wide determination of industrial and transport (road, rail and air transport) originated noise indicators (using calculation and measurement procedures) 2005-2007
2 Determination of the “dose-effect” calculation methods to evaluate the effects of noise on the society 2005-2007
3 Preparation of noise maps 2005-2007
4 Preparation of action plans for noise control 2005-2007
5 Establishment of the noise measurement quality system and strengthening of the technical personnel and the laboratory infrastructure 2005-2007
4- Financing Requirements and Sources of Financing
Table 22.7.3 (Euro)

Requirements - (Ministry of Environment and Forestry) Year National Budget EU Resources Other Total
I-Investment a)
II- Harmonisation with the EU legislation and Implementation 2004-2006 (1)
Personnel
Training 2004-2006 (2)
Consultancy 2004-2006 (3)
Translation 2004-2006 5,000 10,000 15,000
Other (1)+(2)+(3)= 1,000,000b) 1,000,000
Total 5,000 1,010,000 1,015,000
a) The investment requirement will be determined after the Project (2002-31739) on Integrated Environmental Harmonisation Strategy is finalised.
b) Project proposal will be submitted to the Pre-accession Financial Assistance Programme.


PRIORITY 22.8 Management of Chemicals
Management of chemicals is designated as a priority, considering that beginning to transpose and implement the acquis is a short term priority, and completing the transposition of the acquis is a medium term priority in the 2003 Accession Partnership Document.
Promulgated secondary legislation related to chemicals management is listed in Annex 22.1.
Task 22.8.1 Chemicals
1-Priority Description
In order to strengthen administrative capacity for the implementation of Directives 67/548/EEC, 99/45/EC and related Directives 91/155/EEC, 93/67/EEC, the Support to Turkey in the Field of Air Quality, Chemicals and Waste Management Project (TR-302.03) has been submitted to the 2003 Pre-accession Financial Assistance Programme.
2- Schedule of Necessary Legislative Changes
Table 22.8.1.1

No Title and number of EU legislation Title of Draft Turkish Legislation Responsible Institution Proposed Date of Approval of Minister/Council of Ministers Proposed Date of
1- Adoption by the Parliament
2- Entry into force
1 Council Directive 67/548/EEC of 27 June 1967 on the approximation of laws, regulations and administrative provisions relating to the classification, packaging and labelling of dangerous substances Revision of the Implementing Regulation on Dangerous Chemicals Ministry of Environment and Forestry 2005, IV. Quarter 2. 2006, IV. Quarter
2 Directive 1999/45/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 31 May 1999 concerning the approximation of the laws, regulations and administrative provisions of the Member States relating to the classification, packaging and labelling of dangerous preparations Revision of the Implementing Regulation on Dangerous Chemicals Ministry of Environment and Forestry 2005, IV. Quarter 2. 2006, IV. Quarter
3 Commission Directive 93/67/EEC of 20 July 1993 laying down the principles for assessment of risks to man and the environment of substances notified in accordance with Council Directive 67/548/EEC Secondary legislation Ministry of Environment and Forestry 2005, IV. Quarter 2. 2006, IV. Quarter
4 Council Regulation (EEC) No 2455/92 of 23 July 1992 concerning the export and import of certain dangerous chemicals Implementing Regulation on the Import and Export of Certain Dangerous Chemicals According to the Prior Informed Procedure Ministry of Environment and Forestry 2005, IV. Quarter 2. 2006, IV. Quarter
5 Council Regulation (EEC) No 793/93 of 23 March 1993 on the evaluation and control of the risks of existing substances Implementing Regulation on the Risk Assessment and Control of the Existing Substances Ministry of Environment and Forestry 2005, IV. Quarter 2. 2006, IV. Quarter
3- Schedule of Necessary Institutional Changes
Table 22.8.1.2

No Necessary Institutional Changes - (Ministry of Environment and Forestry) Period of Implementation
1 Analysis of the administrative capacity and establishment of an inventory of the chemicals placed on the market 2004
2 Establishment of a chemicals database 2004, IV. Quarter – 2005, III. Quarter
3 Establishment and strengthening of the institutional structure for the implementation of the directives regarding chemicals considering all the existing institutions 2004, IV. Quarter – 2005, II. Quarter
4 Preparation and application of an action plan on the implementation of the directives regarding chemicals in Turkey 2005, IV. Quarter – 2006, II. Quarter
5 Training of the trainers and preparation of guides in this context 2004, IV. Quarter – 2006, I. Quarter
4- Financing Requirements and Sources of Financing
Table 22.8.1.3 (Euro)

Requirements - (Ministry of Environment and Forestry) Year National Budget EU Resources Other Total
I-Investment a)
II- Harmonisation with the EU legislation and Implementation 2004-2006 (1)
Personnel
Training 2004-2006 5,000 (2)+50,000 b) 55,000
Consultancy 2004-2006 (3)+200,000b) 200,000
Translation 2004-2006 5,000 10,000 15,000
Other (1)+(2)+(3) = 1,500,000 c) 1,500,000
Total 10,000 1,760,000 1,770,000
a) The investment requirement will be determined after the Project (2002-31739) on Integrated Environmental Harmonisation Strategy is finalised.
b) This amount is required for the activities related to EU legislation which is not included in the project (TR-302.03) proposed to the 2003 Pre-accession Financial Assistance Programme.
c) Twinning Support to Turkey in the field of Air Quality, Chemicals and Waste Management Project (TR-302.03), chemicals component, proposed to the 2003 Pre-accession Financial Assistance Programme.
Task 22.8.2 Pesticides
1-Priority Description
Pesticides are designated as a priority, considering that beginning to transpose and implement the acquis is a short term priority, and completing the transposition of the acquis is a medium term priority in the 2003 Accession Partnership Document.
2- Schedule of Necessary Legislative Changes
Table 22.8.2.1

No Title and number of EU legislation Title of Draft Turkish Legislation Responsible Institution Proposed Date of Approval of Minister/Council of Ministers Proposed Date of
1- Adoption by the Parliament
2- Entry into force
Implementing Regulation on the Pesticides and Pseudo-pesticide Substances Used in the Field of Public Health Ministry of Health 2003, IV. Quarter 2.2003, IV. Quarter
Circular on Biocidal Products Used in Veterinary Surgery Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs 2005, IV. Quarter 2.2005, IV. Quarter
Implementing Regulation Concerning the Placing of Biocidal Products on the Market Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs 2004, IV. Quarter 2.2005, II. Quarter

3- Schedule of Necessary Institutional Changes
Table 22.8.2.2

No. Necessary Institutional Changes - (Ministry of Health) Period of Implementation
1 Training of the personnel of the Ministry, central office staff, staff of the Refik Saydam Hygiene Centre (RSHM) and Provincial Health Directorates, who will be working in the field of pesticides used in the public health area, on harmonisation and implementation of the legislation 2004-2006
2 Elimination of the deficiencies in the technical equipment of the Refik Saydam Centre of Hygiene and Health Laboratory and strengthening its current technical system 2004-2006
3 Providing technical assistance to the staff of the Refik Saydam Hygiene Centre and Public Health Laboratory and training from an accredited laboratory of a Member State on the pesticides used in the public health area 2004-2006
Table 22.8.2.2 (Continued)

No. Necessary Institutional Changes - (Ministry of Health) Period of Implementation
4 Determination of the risk points regarding pesticides used in the field of public health, and carrying out improvement studies 2004-2006
5 Training of producers and consumers 2004-2006
6 Preparation of a national protocol on sampling and analysis of the pesticides used in the field of public health 2004-2006

Table 22.8.2.3

No Necessary Institutional Changes - (Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs) Period of Implementation
1 Strengthening of the technical infrastructure of the laboratories 2004-2006
2 Training of the personnel on harmonisation and implementation of the legislation 2004-2005
3 Providing technical assistance to the laboratories working in the field of pesticides and training of the laboratory personnel on implementations 2004-2006

4- Financing Requirements and Sources of Financing
Table 22.8.2.4 (Euro)

Requirements - (Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs) Year National Budget EU Resources Other Total
I-Investment a)
II- Harmonisation with the EU legislation and Implementation
Personnel
Training 2004-2006 1,000 5,000 6,000
Table 22.8.2.4 (Continued) (Euro)

Requirements - (Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs) Year National Budget EU Resources Other Total
Consultancy 2004-2006 200,000 200,000
Translation 2004-2006 5,000 10,000 15,000
Other
Total 6,000 215,000 221,000
a) Investment needs will be identified within the scope of consultancy services.

For the Ministry of Health, financing requirements are not foreseen at this stage for this priority.


PRIORITY 22.9 Genetically Modified Organisms
1-Priority Description
Genetically modified organisms are designated as a priority, considering that beginning to transpose and implement the acquis is a short term priority, and completing the transposition of the acquis is a medium term priority in the 2003 Accession Partnership Document.
Legislation preparation studies on genetically modified plants was started at the beginning of 1998 by Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs. The Directive concerning genetically modified organisms-transgenic cultural plant field survey prepared at the end of these studies was enforced by Ministerial Permission dated 14 May 1998 and numbered TGD/TOH-032. This Directive includes procedures applied on both genetically modified organisms developed abroad and desired to be imported, and genetically modified organisms developed in Turkey.
In this context, together with the Bio-safety Research and Development Project financed by the national budget and started in 2001, the development of the National Biosafety Framework Project, financed by GEF and being implemented in the period between September 2002-February 2004, aimed to identify the needs of legal, administrative and technical structures for the implementation of the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety of the United Nations Biological Diversity Convention, are being carried out by the Ministry of Agriculture, Rural Affairs General Directorate of Agricultural Research.



2- Schedule of Necessary Legislative Changes
Table 22.9.1

No Title and number of EU legislation a) Title of Draft Turkish Legislation Responsible Institution Proposed Date of Approval of Minister/Council of Ministers Proposed Date of
1- Adoption by the Parliament
2- Entry into force
1 Directive 2001/18/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 12 March 2001 on the deliberate release into the environment of genetically modified organisms and repealing Council Directive 90/220/EEC Implementing Regulation on the Deliberate Release of Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO) into the Environment and Placing of GMO on the Market Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs
Ministry of Environment and Forestry
Ministry of Health 2004, IV. Quarter 2. 2004, IV. Quarter
2 Council Directive 90/219/EEC of 23 April 1990 on the contained use of genetically modified micro-organisms Implementing Regulation on the Contained Use of Genetically Modified Microorganisms Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs
Ministry of Health 2005, IV. Quarter 2. 2005, IV. Quarter
a) Since the legislation which is not included in table requires preparation and detailed field work it could not be included in this National Programme.


3- Schedule of Necessary Institutional Changes
Table 22.9.2

No Necessary Institutional Changes - (Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs) Period of Implementation
1. Establishment of the National Bio-security Committee 2004
2. Establishment of Reference Laboratories to conduct tests necessary to perform risk analysis on GMOs and to determine whether any product includes GMO, to establish the necessary infrastructure for these laboratories, and training of the personnel for this purpose. 2004-2010



4- Financing Requirements and Sources of Financing
Table 22.9.3

Requirements - (Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs) Year National Budget EU Resources Other Total
I-Investment a) 2004 150,000 b) 150,000
II- Harmonisation with the EU legislation and Implementation 2004-2005 30,000 (3) (UNEP-GEF Project) 170,000 200,000
Personnel
Training 2004-2005 30,000 (4) 30,000
Consultancy 2004-2005 20,000 (5) 20,000
Translation 2004-2005 10,000 100,000 110,000
Other (3)+(4)+(5) = 1,500,000 c) 1,500,000
Total 240,000 1,600,000 170,000 2,010,000
a) The investment requirement will be determined after the Project (2002-31739) on Integrated Environmental Harmonisation Strategy is finalised.
b) This amount is the national budget contribution of the Bio-Security Research and Development Project.
c) A project will be proposed to the Pre-accession Financial Assistance Programme.


PRIORITY 22.10 Nuclear Safety
1-Priority Description
Nuclear safety and protection from the radiation are taken as an priority considering that beginning to transpose and implementing the acquis is a short term and complete the transposition of the acquis is a medium term priority in the 2003 Accession Partnership Document.
Secondary Legislation promulgated in the field of radiation health and safety, are listed in Annex 22.1.

2- Schedule of Necessary Legislative Changes
Table 22.10.1

No Title and number of EU legislation Title of Draft Turkish Legislation Responsible Institution Proposed Date of Approval of Minister/Council of Ministers Proposed Date of
1- Adoption by the Parliament
2- Entry into force
Revision of the Regulation on Radiation Safety Turkish Atomic Energy Authority 2004, II. Quarter 2. 2004, II. Quarter
Revision of the Implementing Regulation on Radiation Safety Turkish Atomic Energy Authority 2004, II. Quarter 2. 2004, II. Quarter
Revision of the Implementing Regulation on Nuclear Medicine Turkish Atomic Energy Authority 2004, II. Quarter 2. 2004, II. Quarter
Revision of the Implementing Regulation on Diagnostic Radiology Turkish Atomic Energy Authority 2004, II. Quarter 2. 2004, II. Quarter
Revision of the Implementing Regulation on Safe Transport of the Radioactive Materials Turkish Atomic Energy Authority 2004, II. Quarter 2. 2004, II. Quarter
Implementing Regulation on the Waste Produced from Use of Radioactive Substances Turkish Atomic Energy Authority 2004, II. Quarter 2. 2004, II. Quarter
Revision of the Implementing Regulation on Safe Transport of the Radioactive Materials Turkish Atomic Energy Authority 2004, II. Quarter 2. 2004, II. Quarter
Implementing Regulation on the Waste Produced from Use of Radioactive Substances Turkish Atomic Energy Authority 2004, II. Quarter 2. 2004, II. Quarter
Revision of the Regulation on Radiation Safety Turkish Atomic Energy Authority 2004, II. Quarter 2. 2004, II. Quarter
Revision of the Implementing Regulation on Radiation Safety Turkish Atomic Energy Authority 2004, II. Quarter 2. 2004, II. Quarter
a) Commission Decision 93/552/Euratom will be taken into consideration throughout the harmonisation studies.
3- Schedule of Necessary Institutional Changes
Institutional changes are not foreseen at this stage for this priority.
4- Financing Requirements and Sources of Financing
Financing requirements are not foreseen at this stage for this priority.
Annex 22.1

Title of the EU Legislation Corresponding Turkish Legislation
Air Quality
Directive 97/68/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 December 1997 on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to measures against the emission of gaseous and particulate pollutants from internal combustion engines to be installed in non-road mobile machinery Type Approval Regulation on measures against the emission of gaseous and particulate pollutants from internal combustion engines to be installed in non-road mobile machinery (97/68/EC), was published in Official Gazette No: 24984 dated 5 January 2003, and will enter into force on 5 April 2003 Phase I, 1 January 2005 Phase II
Environmental Impact Assessment
Council Directive 85/337/EEC of 27 June 1985 on the assessment of the effects of certain public and private projects on the environment and Council Directive 97/11/EC of 3 March 1997 amending Directive 85/337/EEC on the assessment of the effects of certain public and private projects on the environment Implementing Regulation on Environmental Impact Assessment, was published in Official Gazette No: 24777 dated 6 June 2002)
Noise
Council Directive 86/594/EEC of 1 December 1986 on airborne noise emitted by household appliances Communiqué on Noise Emitted by Household Appliances TRKGM:20003/02 (86/594/EEC), was published in Official Gazette No: 25032 dated 26 February 2003. (Schedule for necessary institutional changes and Financing Requirements for Ministry of Industry and Trade are given in Free Movements of Goods Chapter).
Directive 2000/14/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 8 May 2000 on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to the noise emission in the environment by equipment for use outdoors Implementing Regulation concerning the noise emission in the environment by equipment for use outdoors (2000/14/EC), was published in Official Gazette No: 25001 dated 22 January 2003 and will enter into force on 3 July 2004 Phase I, 3 January 2006 Phase II (Schedule for necessary institutional changes and Financing Requirements for Ministry of Industry and Trade are given in Free Movements of Goods Chapter).
Chemicals
Commission Directive 91/155/EEC of 5 March 1991 defining and laying down the detailed arrangements for the system of specific information relating to dangerous preparations in implementation of Article 10 of Directive 88/379/EEC Communiqué on Safety Data Sheet Preparation Procedures and Principles Principals was published in Official Gazette No:24692 dated 11 March 2002.
Council Directive 89/618/Euratom of 27 November 1989 on informing the general public about health protection measures to be applied and steps to be taken in the event of a radiological emergency National Implementing Regulation concerning Nuclear and Radiological Emergency was published in Offical Gazette No:23934 dated 15 January 2000 and it was put into force.
a) Except for transboundary environmental impact, it is in harmony with the Directive.
Annex 22.2
Turkey’s current position and the procedure to be followed, concerning International Conventions related to the environment to which EC is a contracting party or a signatory, is given in the Table below.

International Conventions related to environment to which EC is a contracting party or a signatory Official Gazette Date and Number Comments
Convention for the protection of the Mediterranean Sea against pollution (Barcelona, 16.02.1976)
Amended, 10.06.1995 12.06.1981-17368
22.08.2002-24854
Protocol for the prevention of pollution of the Mediterranean Sea by dumping from ships and aircraft (Barcelona, 16.02.1996)
Amended, 10.06.1996 12.06.1981-17368

22.08.2002-24854
Protocol concerning cooperation in combating pollution of the Mediterranean Sea by oil and other harmful substances in cases of emergency (Barcelona, 16.02.1976) 12.06.1981-17368
Protocol concerning cooperation in preventing pollution from ships and, in cases of emergency, combating pollution of the Mediterranean Sea (New Emergency Protocol), Malta, 25.01.2002 20.05.2003-25113
Protocol for the protection of the Mediterranean Sea against pollution from land-based sources (Athens, 17.05.1980)
Amended, 8.03.1996 18.03.1987-19404
22.08.2002-24854
Protocol to the Barcelona Convention concerning specially protected areas of the Mediterranean Sea (Geneva, 3.4.1982) 12.10.1988-19968
Protocol to the Barcelona Convention concerning specially protected areas and Biological Diversity of the Mediterranean Sea (Barcelona, 10.6.1995) 22.08.2002-24854
Convention on Long-range transboundary air pollution (Geneva, 13.11.1979) 23.03.1983-17796
Convention to combat desertification in countries experiencing serious drought and/or desertification, particularly in Africa, Paris 17.6.1994 16.05.1998-23344
Protocol to the Convention on long-range transboundary air pollution concerning long-term financing of the cooperative programme for monitoring and evaluation of long-range transmission of air pollutants in Europe (Geneva, 28.9.1984) 23.7.1985-18820
International Conventions related to environment to which EC is a contracting party or a signatory Official Gazette Date and Number Comments
Protocol to the Convention for the protection of the Ozone Layer (Montreal Protocol), Montreal 1987
Amended, London, 29.06.1990
Amended Copenhagen, 25.11.1992
Amended Montreal, 17.9.1997
Amended Beijing, 3.12.1999 28.12.1994-22155
28.12.1994-22155
29.09.1995-22419
07.06.2003-25131
17.06.2003-25141




Convention for the protection of ozone layer Vienna, 22.3.1985 28.12.1994-22155
Convention on biological diversity Rio, 5.6.1992 27.12.1996-22860
Convention on the conservation of European wildlife and natural habitats Bern, 1979 20.02.1984-18318
Convention on the control of transboundary movements of hazardous wastes and their disposal (Basel Sözleşmesi), Basel, 1989 15.5.1994-21935
Protocol on biosafety to the biodiversity convention (The Cartagena Protocol), Montreal, 29.1.2000 24.06.2003-25148
Framework Convention on climate change, New York, 9.5.1992 Being discussed in the relevant Commissions of the TNGA.
Protocol to the United Nations framework convention on climate change, Kyoto, 11.12.1997 The procedure to become a party to the Convention is being continued. Afterwards, the Protocol can be considered depending on the present conditions in Turkey.
Convention on the prior informed consent procedure for certain hazardous chemicals and pesticides in international trade, Rotterdam, 10.9.1991 Convention was signed in 1998. Before starting ratification procedure the Implementing Regulation on Hazardous Wastes should be harmonized with Directives 67/548/EEC and 99/45/EEC


International Conventions related to environment to which EC is a contracting party or a signatory Official Gazette Date and Number Comments
Convention on persistent organic pollutants (the POP Stockholm Convention), Stockholm, 22.5.2001 Convention was signed in 2001. Following the preparation of action plan and being a party to PIC Convention, ratification procedure will be started.
Protocol to the Convention on long-range transboundary air pollution concerning the control of emissions of nitrogen oxides or their transboundary fluxes, Sofia, 31.10.1988 Although the Protocol itself is being supported, to meet the provisions, heavy cost infrastructure investments and thus financing are required. Therefore, this Convention, could not be elaborated upon in this National Programme.
Protocol to the Convention on long-range transboundary air pollution concerning the control of volatile organic compounds or their transboundary fluxes, Geneva, 18.11.1991 Although the Protocol itself is being supported, to meet the provisions, heavy cost infrastructure investments and thus financing are required. Therefore, this Convention, could not be elaborated upon in this National Programme.
Protocol to the Convention on long-range transboundary air pollution concerning the further reductions of sulphur emissions, Oslo, 13.6.1994 Although the Protocol itself is being supported, to meet the provisions, heavy cost infrastructure investments and thus financing are required. Therefore, this Convention, could not be elaborated upon in this National Programme.
Protocol to the Convention on long-range transboundary air pollution on heavy metals, Aarhus, 24.6.1998 Although the Protocol itself is being supported, to meet the provisions, heavy cost infrastructure investments and thus financing are required. Therefore, this Convention, could not be elaborated upon in this National Programme.
Protocol to the Convention on long-range transboundary air pollution on persistent organic pollutants (POPs), Aarhus, 24.6.1998 Although the Protocol itself is being supported, to meet the provisions, heavy cost infrastructure investments and thus financing are required. Therefore, this Convention, could not be elaborated upon in this National Programme.


International Conventions related to environment to which EC is a contracting party or a signatory Official Gazette Date and Number Comments
Convention for the protection of vertebrate animals used for experimental and other scientific purposes, Strasbourg, 18.3.1986 The Convention was signed on 5 September 1986
Convention on the conservation of migratory species of wild animals, Bonn, 23.6.1979 Being a party to the Convention is considered under the coordination of Ministry of Environment and Forestry.
Convention on environmental impact assessment in a transboundary context, Espoo, 25.2.1991 To be considered at a later stage prior to accession.
Convention on the protection and use of transboundary watercourses and international lakes, Helsinki, 17.03.1992 To be considered at a later stage prior to accession.
Convention on transboundary effects of industrial accidents, Helsinki, 17.3.1992 The Convention is being assessed by Ministry of Environment and Forestry. To meet the provisions of the Convention, heavy cost infrastructure investments and financing are required.
International tropical timber agreement, Geneva, 26.1.1994 The Convention is not taken as a priority in this National Programme.
Agreement on the conservation African-Eurasian migratory waterbirds, The Hague, 15.6.1995) The Convention is not taken as a priority in this National Programme.
Convention on access to environmental information, public participation in environmental decision-making, and access to justice, Aarhus, 25.6.1998 To be considered at a later stage prior to accession.
NOTE: Turkey is party to the Convention on the Protection of the Black Sea against pollution, and the Protocols to the Conventions listed below (Official Gazette No:21869 and dated 06.03.1994)
- Protocol on the protection of the Black Sea coast against pollution from land-based sources
- Protocol concerning cooperation in combating the pollution of the Black Sea coast by oil and other harmful substances in cases of emergency
- Protocol concerning the protection of the Black Sea coast from discharges.
__________________
Signatürü

YA
TAKSiM;
YA
ÖLÜM








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