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25- CUSTOMS UNION


Secondary Legislation promulgated after the publication of the Council Decision of 8 March 2001 on the Accession Partnership with the Republic of Turkey is given in Annex 25.1.
I - PRIORITY LIST
PRIORITY 25.1 Customs Law and Its Implementing Provisions
Task 25.1.1 Customs Law and Its Implementing Regulation
Task 25.1.2 The Revised Kyoto Convention
Task 25.1.3 Temporary Importation
Task 25.1.4 Reliefs
Task 25.1.5 Transportation, Common Transit and Single Administrative Document
Task 25.1.6 Free Zones
PRIORITY 25.2 Harmonization of the Rules of Origin
PRIORITY 25.3 Tariffs
PRIORITY 25.4 Strengthening the Administrative and Operational Capacity of the Customs Administration to Fight Against Smuggling
Task 25.4.1 Fight Against Drug Trafficking
Task 25.4.2 Frontier Controls
Task 25.4.3 Customs 2007
Task 25.4.4 Pirated And Counterfeited Goods
Task 25.4.5 Fight Against Smuggling
Task 25.4.6 Mutual Administrative Assistance Agreements In Customs Matters
PRIORITY 25.5 Interconnectivity Between Electronic Systems
Task 25.5.1 Use of Information Technology for Customs Purposes
Task 25.5.2 Common Communication Network/ Common System Interface, New Computerized Transit System, TARIC (CCN/CSI, NCTS, TARIC)
PRIORITY 25.6 Others
Task 25.6.1 Other Customs Legislation
Task 25.6.2 Cultural Goods

II- MEASURES FOR HARMONIZATION WITH THE EU LEGISLATION AND IMPLEMENTATION
PRIORITY 25.1 Customs Law and Its Implementing Provisions
1- Priority Description
In accordance with the customs union, which entered into force on 1 January 1996, the Customs Law and its implementing provisions are to a large extent in conformity with the EU legislation. Further, in an attempt to reflect the changes in EU customs legislation within Turkish customs legislation, Customs Law No 4458 and the Implementing Regulation on Customs are being amended.
Turkey is a party to the Kyoto Convention and its Annexes (A1, A2, A3, B1, E3, F5). Since primary consideration is given to being a party to the Revised Kyoto Convention rather than the Kyoto Convention, the Revised Kyoto Convention is taken as the basis for harmonisation efforts. Turkey has initiated the ratification procedure to join the Revised Kyoto Convention.
The Guidelines on Customs Declarations and the relevant forms prepared for the implementation of the Single Administrative Document, which is in conformity with the Implementing Provisions of the Community Customs Code, is attached as Annex No.20 of the Implementing Regulation on Customs published in the Official Gazette No 24771 of 31 May 2002. For the Common Transit, translation is complete and the Implementing Regulation on Common Transit has been prepared. However, being a party to the Common Transit and Single Administrative Document requires the approval of the countries that are party to these Conventions.
Although Customs Law No 4458 is to a large extent parallel to the EU Customs Code provisions concerning free zones, at the present time implementations in the free zones are governed by the Free Zones Law No 3218, which has a special character.
In the field of free zones, efforts for the elimination of differences between the practices of the EU and Turkey continue. Accordingly, the role of free zones in the economic development of Turkey and the acquired rights of the existing companies are taken into consideration. In order to incorporate goods not in free circulation in the production activities of the free zones, without being restricted by “Inward Processing and Processing Under Customs Control Regimes”, it is intended that until Turkey becomes a member of the EU the Turkish Free Zones will be covered by the exemptions provided in Article 173 of EU Customs Code for Hamburg, the Canary Islands, the Azores, and Madeira Free Zones.
For the remaining issues regarding free zones, alignment with the EU Customs Code will be accomplished when Turkey becomes a member of the EU, at the latest. The exact timetable concerning alignment will be prepared and submitted to the EU during the negotiation process.
2- Schedule of Necessary Legislative Changes
Table 25.1.1

No Title and Number of EU legislation Title of Draft Turkish legislation Responsible Institution Proposed Date of the Approval of the Minister / Council of Ministers Proposed Date of
1- Adoption by the Parliament
2-Entry into Force
Task 25.1.1 Customs Law and Its Implementing Regulation
1 Council Regulation (EEC) No 2913/92 of 12 October 1992 establishing the Community Customs Code Law Amending Some Provisions of Customs Law No 4458 Undersecretariat for Customs December 2003 2- May 2004
Table 25.1.1 (Continued)

No Title and Number of EU legislation Title of Draft Turkish legislation Responsible Institution Proposed Date of the Approval of the Minister / Council of Ministers Proposed Date of
1- Adoption by the Parliament
2-Entry into Force
2 Commission Regulation (EEC) No 2454/93 of 2 July 1993 laying down provisions for the implementation of Council Regulation (EEC) No 2913/92 establishing the Community Customs Code Implementing Regulation Amending Implementing Regulation of Customs Law No 4458 Undersecretariat for Customs December 2003 2- May 2004
Task 25.1.2 The Revised Kyoto Convention
1 Council Decision (EEC) No 77/415 of 3 June 1977 accepting on behalf of the Community several Annexes to the International Convention on the simplification and harmonization of customs procedures Law Approving Ratification of the Revised Kyoto Convention Undersecretariat for Customs June 2003 2- December 2003
2 Council Decision (EEC) No 78/528/EEC of 6 June 1978 accepting on behalf of the Community three Annexes to the International Convention on the simplification and harmonization of customs procedures Law Approving Ratification of the Revised Kyoto Convention Undersecretariat for Customs June 2003 2- December 2003
3 Council Decision (EEC) No 80/391 of 17 March 1980 accepting on behalf of the Community an Annex to the International Convention on the simplification and harmonization of customs procedures Law Approving Ratification of the Revised Kyoto Convention Undersecretariat for Customs June 2003 2- December 2003
4 Council Decision (EEC) No 85/204 of 7 March 1985 accepting on behalf of the Community three Annexes to the International Convention on the simplification and harmonization of customs procedures Law Approving Ratification of the Revised Kyoto Convention Undersecretariat for Customs June 2003 2- December 2003
Table 25.1.1 (Continued)

No Title and Number of EU legislation Title of Draft Turkish legislation Responsible Institution Proposed Date of the Approval of the Minister / Council of Ministers Proposed Date of
1- Adoption by the Parliament
2-Entry into Force
5 Council Decision (EEC) No 86/103 of 24 March 1986 accepting on behalf of the Community, Annex F 2 to the International Convention on the simplification and harmonization of customs procedures Law Approving Ratification of the Revised Kyoto Convention Undersecretariat for Customs June 2003 2- December 2003
6 Council Decision (EEC) No 88/355 of 7 June 1988 accepting on behalf of the Community Annex B.2 to the International Convention on the simplification and harmonization of customs procedures Law Approving Ratification of the Revised Kyoto Convention Undersecretariat for Customs June 2003 2- December 2003
7 Council Decision (EEC) No 88/356 of 7 June 1988 accepting on behalf of the Community, Annex E.4 to the International Convention on the simplification and harmonization of customs procedures Law Approving Ratification of the Revised Kyoto Convention Undersecretariat for Customs June 2003 2- December 2003
8 Council Decision (EC) No 2003/231 of 17 March 2003 concerning the accession of the European Community to the Protocol of Amendment to the International Convention On the Simplification and Harmonisation of Customs Procedures Law Approving Ratification of the Revised Kyoto Convention Undersecretariat for Customs June 2003 2- December 2003
Task 25.1.3 Temporary Importation
1 Convention of 27 May 1993 relating to temporary admission (Istanbul Convention) – (21993A0527(01)) Law Approving Ratification of the Istanbul Convention Undersecretariat for Customs Pending in the TGNA 2- December 2003

Table 25.1.1 (Continued)

No Title and Number of EU legislation Title of Draft Turkish legislation Responsible Institution Proposed Date of the Approval of the Minister / Council of Ministers Proposed Date of
1- Adoption by the Parliament
2-Entry into Force
2 Council Decision (EC) No 93/329 of 15 March 1993 concerning the conclusion of the Convention on temporary admission and accepting its annexes Law Approving Ratification of the Istanbul Convention Undersecretariat for Customs Pending in the TGNA 2- December 2003
3 Customs Convention of 26 February 1994 on the temporary importation of commercial road vehicles (1956)– (21994A0226(03))
4 Acceptance of the United Nations' Resolution of 26 February 1994 on the applicability of 'carnets de passage en douane' and 'CPD carnets' to commercial road vehicles– (21994A0226(04))
5 Convention on Customs Treatment of Pool Containers used in International Transport (Geneva, 21 January 1994)– (21995A0422(02)) Law Approving Ratification of International Convention Undersecretariat for Customs May 2004 2- 2004, IV. Quarter
Task 25.1.4 Reliefs
1 Council Regulation (EEC) No 918/83 of 28 March 1983 setting up a Community system of reliefs from customs duty Decision of Council of Ministers Amending Some Provisions of Council of Ministers Decision No: 2000/53 on the Exemptions and Relief From Customs Duties Undersecretariat for Customs December 2003 2- May 2004
2 Council Regulation (EEC) No 355/94 of 14 February 1994 amending Regulation (EEC) No 918/83 setting up a Community system of reliefs from customs duty Decision of Council of Ministers Amending Some Provisions of Council of Ministers Decision No: 2000/53 on the Exemptions and Relief From Customs Duties Undersecretariat for Customs December 2003 2- May 2004

Table 25.1.1 (Continued)

No Title and Number of EU legislation Title of Draft Turkish legislation Responsible Institution Proposed Date of the Approval of the Minister / Council of Ministers Proposed Date of
1- Adoption by the Parliament
2-Entry into Force
3 Commission Regulation (EEC) No 2288/83 of 29 July 1983 establishing the list of biological or chemical substances provided for in Article 60 (1) (b) of Council Regulation (EEC) No 918/83 setting up a Community system of relief from customs duty Decision of Council of Ministers Amending Some Provisions of Council of Ministers Decision No: 2000/53 on the Exemptions and Relief From Customs Duties Undersecretariat for Customs December 2003 2- May 2004
4 Commission Regulation (EEC) No 3915/88 of December 1988 laying down provisions for the implementation of Article 63 of Council Regulation (EEC) No 918/83 setting up a Community system of reliefs from duty Decision of Council of Ministers Amending Some Provisions of Council of Ministers Decision No: 2000/53 on the Exemptions and Relief From Customs Duties Undersecretariat for Customs December 2003 2- May 2004
5 Commission Regulation (EEC) No 2289/83 of 29 July 1983 laying down provisions for the implementation of Articles 70 to 78 of Council Regulation (EEC) No 918/83 establishing a Community system of duty-free arrangements General Customs Communiqué (Reliefs) Undersecretariat for Customs December 2003 2- May 2004
6 Commission Regulation (EEC) No 2290/83 of 29 July 1983 laying down provisions for the implementation of Articles 50 to 59 of Council Regulation (EEC) No 918/83 setting up a Community system of reliefs from duty General Customs Communiqué (Reliefs) Undersecretariat for Customs December 2003 2- May 2004





Table 25.1.1 (Continued)

No Title and Number of EU legislation Title of Draft Turkish legislation Responsible Institution Proposed Date of the Approval of the Minister / Council of Ministers Proposed Date of
1- Adoption by the Parliament
2-Entry into Force
Task 25.1.5 Transportation, Common Transit and Single Administrative Document
1 Convention of 22 May 1987 between the European Economic Community, the Republic of Austria, the Republic of Finland, the Republic of Iceland, the Kingdom of Norway, the Kingdom of Sweden and the Swiss Confederation on the simplification of formalities in trade in goods (Convention on Single Administrative Document)– (21987A0522(01)) Law Approving Ratification of International Convention a) Undersecretariat for Customs May 2004 2- July 2004
2 Council Regulation (EEC) No 2011/89 of 19 June 1989 concerning the application of Decision No 1/89 of the EEC-EFTA Joint Committee 'Simplification of formalities' amending Annex II to the Convention on the simplification of formalities in trade in goods and the application of Decision No 1/89 of the EEC-EFTA Joint Committee 'Common Transit' amending Appendices I, II and III to the Convention of 20 May 1987 on a common transit procedure Law Approving Ratification of International Convention Undersecretariat for Customs May 2004 2- July 2004
3 Recommendation No 1/93 the EEC-EFTA Joint Committee on the simplification of formalities in trade in goods of 23 September 1993 for the amendment of the Convention of 20 May 1987 on the simplification of formalities in trade in goods– (21994D0115(01)) Law Approving Ratification of International Convention Undersecretariat for Customs May 2004 2- July 2004


Table 25.1.1 (Continued)

No Title and Number of EU legislation Title of Draft Turkish legislation Responsible Institution Proposed Date of the Approval of the Minister / Council of Ministers Proposed Date of
1- Adoption by the Parliament
2-Entry into Force
4 Decision No 2/95 of the EC-EFTA Joint Committee on the simplification of formalities in trade in goods of 26 October 1995 amending Annex I to the Convention on simplification of formalities in trade in goods (Convention on Single Administrative Document) – (21996D0514(05)) Law Approving Ratification of International Convention Undersecretariat for Customs May 2004 2- July 2004
5 Decision No 1/89 of the EEC- EFTA Joint Committee “Simplification of Formalities” of 3 May 1989 amending Annex II to the Convention on the simplification of formalities in trade in goods (Convention on Single Administrative Document)– (21989D0713(01)) Law Approving Ratification of International Convention Undersecretariat for Customs May 2004 2- July 2004
Implementing Regulation on Common Transit Undersecretariat for Customs August 2003 2- December 2003
Law Approving Ratification of International Convention a) Undersecretariat for Customs May 2004 2- July 2004
Implementing Regulation on Common Transit Undersecretariat for Customs August 2003 2- December 2003
Law Approving Ratification of International Convention Undersecretariat for Customs May 2004 2- July 2004
Table 25.1.1 (Continued)

No Title and Number of EU legislation Title of Draft Turkish legislation Responsible Institution Proposed Date of the Approval of the Minister / Council of Ministers Proposed Date of
1- Adoption by the Parliament
2-Entry into Force
Implementing Regulation on Common Transit Undersecretariat for Customs August 2003 2- December 2003
Law Approving Ratification of International Convention Undersecretariat for Customs May 2004 2- July 2004
Implementing Regulation on Common Transit Undersecretariat for Customs August 2003 2- December 2003
Law Approving Ratification of International Convention Undersecretariat for Customs May 2004 2- July 2004
Implementing Regulation on Common Transit Undersecretariat for Customs August 2003 2- December 2003
Law Approving Ratification of International Convention Undersecretariat for Customs May 2004 2- July 2004
Implementing Regulation on Common Transit Undersecretariat for Customs August 2003 2- December 2003
Law Approving Ratification of International Convention Undersecretariat for Customs May 2004 2- July 2004
Implementing Regulation on Common Transit Undersecretariat for Customs August 2003 2- December 2003
Law Approving Ratification of International Convention Undersecretariat for Customs May 2004 2- July 2004
Table 25.1.1 (Continued)

No Title and Number of EU legislation Title of Draft Turkish legislation Responsible Institution Proposed Date of the Approval of the Minister / Council of Ministers Proposed Date of
1- Adoption by the Parliament
2-Entry into Force
Implementing Regulation on Common Transit Undersecretariat for Customs August 2003 2- December 2003
Law Approving Ratification of International Convention Undersecretariat for Customs May 2004 2- July 2004
Implementing Regulation on Common Transit Undersecretariat for Customs August 2003 2- December 2003
Law Approving Ratification of International Convention Undersecretariat for Customs May 2004 2- July 2004
Implementing Regulation on Common Transit Undersecretariat for Customs August 2003 2- December 2003
Law Approving Ratification of International Convention Undersecretariat for Customs May 2004 2- July 2004
Implementing Regulation on Common Transit Undersecretariat for Customs August 2003 2- December 2003
Law Approving Ratification of International Convention Undersecretariat for Customs May 2004 2- July 2004
a) Being a party to the Conventions of Common Transit and Single Administrative Document depends on the acceptance of countries that are party to these Conventions.

3- Schedule of Necessary Institutional Changes
Table 25.1.2

No Necessary Institutional Changes – (Undersecretariat for Customs) Period of Implementation
1 Strengthening the administrative capacity of the Undersecretariat for Customs 2003 – 2005
Table 25.1.2 (Continued)

No Necessary Institutional Changes – (Undersecretariat for Customs) Period of Implementation
2 Personnel recruitment 2003
3 Since it is necessary to obtain information on the implementations of the Community Customs Regulation (Commission Regulation No. 2454/93) on certain issues (such as single authorization on customs regimes with economic impact, end-use), provision of expertise on the implementations of Commission Regulation No 2454/93 in the Community is needed 2004 – 2005
4 Internships for the personnel of the central offices of the Undersecretariat of Customs, in Turkey and in EU countries, with the objective of receiving training on implementations and giving feedback to other personnel 2004 - 2005
5 Training of all inspectors on the new customs legislation and its implementation by personnel knowledgeable about EU practices. 2004
6 With the aim of giving authorization for simplified procedures and deferred controls, and implementing these procedures in accordance with the EU legislation, recruitment of personnel in provincial officies for the following tasks :
- controlling the traffic of goods in free zones and warehouses,
- giving authorization for end-use and its implementation,
- controlling of simple procedure implementations in transit and in customs regimes with economic impact, and of similar procedures,
- controlling all records and accounts of tax-payers when deemed necessary by the customs administrations.
The personnel should be competent in accounting systems and financial control and should receive comprehensive training on the use of the accounting system in customs controls. 2005
7 Implementation of the program concerning automated approval during the implementation of the inward processing regime in the Regional Directorates 2003
8 In order to make deferred control faster and more effective, establishment of Regional Offices in cities with heavy workloads such as Istanbul, Izmir, Bursa and development of a computer-supported documentation system. 2004 - 2005
9 Training in Deferred Control:
For effective and uniform application of deferred control, development of methods and procedures, and training personnel for controlling the declarations meeting the necessary criteria, where procedures should also embrace risk techniques.
Study visits to the EU member states regarding the implementations of Deferred Control, and expert support. January 2004
10 Establishment of a documentation centre in Ankara with a view to keeping computer-supported deferred control documents, and its use as a disaster centre. 2004 - 2005
Table 25.1.2 (Continued)

No Necessary Institutional Changes – (Undersecretariat for Customs) Period of Implementation
11 Modernization of the Training Center (Ankara) of the Undersecretariat of Customs for the purpose of more effective functioning in connection with the membership process, and to this end visiting the reference training centres in the EU. June 2003 - March 2004
12 Translation of the guidelines of Customs Regulation (Commission Regulation No 2454/93) on “ Customs Regimes With Economic Impact” and “ End-Use” (OJEU 24/9/2001- C269; 31/8/2002-C207) 2004 - 2006

4- Financing Requirements and Sources of Financing
Table 25.1.3 (Euro)

Requirements - (Undersecretariat for Customs) Year National Budget EU Resources Other Total
I-Investment
Establishment of a documentation centre in Ankara with a view to keep computer-supported deferred control documents and using it as the disaster centre (physical and technical infrastructure) 2004-2005 1,000,000 3,000,000 4,000,000
II- Harmonization with the EU legislation and Implementation
Personnel
For legislative alignment and its implementation, recruitment of 20 Customs Junior Experts, 9 EU Junior Experts and 200 competent personnel on accountanting system and financial control. 2003 - 2004
Training
Twinning* 2003 - 2005 102,000 102,000


Table 25.1.3 (Continued) (Euro)

Requirements - (Undersecretariat for Customs) Year National Budget EU Resources Other Total
Customs Regulation- implementations, internship. 2004 - 2005 100,000 300,000 400,000
Training on deferred and post-clearance control. 2004 50,000 250,000 300,000
Consultancy
Twinning a) 2003 - 2005 778,000 778,000
Translation
Translation of the Guideline concerning Commission Regulation No 2454/93 (250 pages) 2003 - 2004 2,500 2,500
Others
Study visits for the aim of harmonization of physical conditions and norms of Training Centres. 2003 - 2004 15,000 15,000
Twinning a) 2003 - 2005 120,000 120,000
Total 1,150,000 4,567,500 5,717,500
a) It has been foreseen to allocate 1.000.000 Euro for the “twinning” component of the “ Modernization Project of Customs”, which was submitted to the European Commission within the scope of the 2003 Programming of Turkey –EU Pre-Accession Financial Assistance. The amount given in the table is the amount allocated for this item in the mentioned project.



PRIORITY 25.2 Harmonization of the rules of origin
1- Priority Description
The rules of origin published in accordance with the arrangements in the Import Regime Decree for the purpose of alignment with the Generalized System of Preferences (GSP), are in conformity with the rules stipulated in the EU Customs Regulation.
Origin Protocols annexed to the Free Trade Agreements are in line with EU Origin Protocols. Since Turkey is a party to the Pan-European Origin Cumulation System, amendments in this system are followed regularly and the origin rules are the same as the other countries in the system.
Formulating origin protocols is dependant on signing an agreement with the related countries. Since the conclusion and entry into force of an agreement does not solely depend on the will of Turkey, it has not been possible to set an alignment schedule. EU Origin Protocols will continue to form the basis for the Origin Protocols of the forthcoming Free Trade Agreements.
Similarly, in the case of signing agreements parallel to the agreements that the EU concluded with certain third countries concerning textiles, EU protocols will form the basis of the protocols for the rules of origin.
2- Schedule of Necessary Legislative Changes
Table 25.2.1

No Title and Number of EU legislation Title of Draft Turkish legislation Responsible Institution Proposed Date of the Approval of the Minister / Council of Ministers Proposed Date of
1- Adoption by the Parliament
2-Entry into Force
1 Council Regulation (EEC) No 1207/2001 of 11 June 2001 on procedures to facilitate the issue of movement certificates EUR.1 and the making out of forms EUR.2 and the issue of certain approved exporter authorisations under the provisions governing preferential trade between the European Community and certain countries repealing Council Regulation (EEC) No 3351/83 Implementing Regulation Amending Implementing Regulation on Proof of the Preferential Origin of Goods Which are in Free Circulation in Turkey and EC a) Undersecretariat for Customs December 2005 2- December 2005 b)
2 Agreement of 8 February 2001 in the form of an Exchange of Letters between the Community and each of the EFTA countries that grants tariff preferences under the GSP (Norway and Switzerland), providing that goods originating in Norway or Switzerland shall be treated on their arrival on the customs territory of the Community as goods with content of Community origin (reciprocal agreement)c) (22001A0208(01)) Implementing Regulation Amending the Regulation on the Declaration of Invoices and EUR. 1 Movement Certificates Issued for the Exports under the Generalized System of Preferences Recognized by Turkey Undersecretariat for Customs December 2005 2- December 2005
a) Some provisions of the related EU legislation are directly related to the Member States. Therefore, the Implementing Regulation will provide partial alignment. Full alignment will be achieved upon accession.
b) In order to achieve partial alignment with the amendment of the Implementing Regulation, an amendment to the relevant Decision of the Customs Cooperation Committee is necessary. Provided that a consensus with the Commission is reached and the relevant Customs Cooperation Committee Decision is adopted, earlier alignment will be possible.
c) Following negotiations with the European Commission, Norway and Switzerland, transposition of the EU arrangements will be possible.
3- Schedule of Necessary Institutional Changes
Table 25.2.2

No Necessary Institutional Changes - (Undersecretariat for Customs) Period of Implementation
1 Extension of the coverage of the existing seminars about rules of origin and their implementation, provided to provincial personnel of the Chambers of Commerce and Industry and Customs Administration, so as to include all customs personnel 2003-2004
2 Establishment of the origin units within Regional Directorates, similar to those formerly set up under two Regional Directories. 2003-2004
3 Provision of expert support for the application of the Accounting Segregetion Method. 2003-2004

4- Financing Requirements and Sources of Financing
Table 25.2.3 (Euro)

Requirements - (Undersecretariat for Customs) Year National Budget EU Resources Other Total
I- Investment
II- Harmonization with the EU legislation and Implementation
Personnel
Training 2003-2004 20, 000 20, 000 40, 000
Consultancy
(Accounting Segregetion) 2003-2004 10, 000 10, 000
Translation
Other
Total 20, 000 10, 000 20, 000 50, 000

PRIORITY 25.3 Tariffs
1- Priority Description
Turkey is largely in conformity (i.e. codes and definitions of goods, duty rates of goods covered by the customs union, measurement units, chapter and section notes and annex notes) with the Combined Nomenclature provided in Annex 1 of Council Regulation 2658/87. The first alignment was implemented with the Council of Ministers Decree No 95/7591 amending the Customs Tariff List. In accordance with the revisions in the Combined Nomenclature of the EU, Turkish Customs Tariff Lists are published as a Council of Ministers Decree every December (The latest Council of Ministers Decree was published in the Official Gazette No 24078 of 29 December 2002).
Partial harmonization has been made with the trade measures listed in Annex 2 of the above mentioned Regulation.
Due to its structure, full alignment with the Regulation and also with the TARIC will be attained by the time of membership.
In addition, transposition of the Classification Decisions and Explanatory Notes of the Combined Nomenclature will be accomplished in 2005.
2- Schedule of Necessary Legislative Changes
Table 25.3.1

No Title and Number of EU legislation Title of Draft Turkish legislation Responsible Institution Proposed Date of the Approval of the Minister / Council of Ministers Proposed Date of
1- Adoption by the Parliament
2-Entry into Force
1 Council Regulation (EEC) No 2658 / 87 of 23 July 1987 on the Tariff and Statistical Nomenclature and on the Common Customs Tariff Undersecretariat for Customs
Undersecretariat of Foreign Trade Due to the structure of the legislation, complete alignment will be achieved by the time of membership.
2 Commission Regulation (EC) No 710/2000 of 3 April 2000 concerning the classification of certain goods in the Combined Nomenclature General Customs Communiqué on the Tariff Classifications of Certain Goods Undersecretariat for Customs 2004, II. Quarter 2- 2004, II. Quarter
3 Commission Regulation (EC) No 1264 / 98 of 17 June 1998 concerning the classification of certain goods in the Combined Nomenclature General Customs Communiqué on the Tariff Classifications of Certain Goods Undersecretariat for Customs 2004, II. Quarter 2- 2004, II. Quarter
4 Commission Regulation (EC) No 292 /2001of 12 February 2001 concerning the classification of certain goods in the Combined Nomenclature General Customs Communiqué on the Tariff Classifications of Certain Goods Undersecretariat for Customs 2004, II. Quarter 2- 2004, II. Quarter
Table 25.3.1 (Continued)

No Title and Number of EU legislation Title of Draft Turkish legislation Responsible Institution Proposed Date of the Approval of the Minister / Council of Ministers Proposed Date of
1- Adoption by the Parliament
2-Entry into Force
5 Commission Regulation (EC) No 306/2001 of 12 February 2001 concerning the classification of certain goods in the Combined Nomenclature General Customs Communiqué on the Tariff Classifications of Certain Goods Undersecretariat for Customs 2004, II. Quarter 2- 2004, II. Quarter
6 Commission Regulation (EC) No 305/2001 of 12 February 2001 concerning the classification of certain goods in the Combined Nomenclature General Customs Communiqué on the Tariff Classifications of Certain Goods Undersecretariat for Customs 2004, II. Quarter 2- 2004, II. Quarter
7 Commission Regulation (EC) No 347/2001 of 19 February 2001 concerning the classification of certain goods in the Combined Nomenclature General Customs Communiqué on the Tariff Classifications of Certain Goods Undersecretariat for Customs 2004, II. Quarter 2- 2004, II. Quarter
8 Commission Regulation (EC) No 645/2001 of 30 March 2001 concerning the classification of certain goods in the Combined Nomenclature General Customs Communiqué on the Tariff Classifications of Certain Goods Undersecretariat for Customs 2004, II. Quarter 2- 2004, II. Quarter
9 Commission Regulation (EC) No 646/2001 of 30 March 2001 concerning the classification of certain goods in the Combined Nomenclature General Customs Communiqué on the Tariff Classifications of Certain Goods Undersecretariat for Customs 2004, II. Quarter 2- 2004, II. Quarter
10 Commission Regulation (EC) No 1004/2001 of 22 May 2001 concerning the classification of certain goods in the Combined Nomenclature General Customs Communiqué on the Tariff Classifications of Certain Goods Undersecretariat for Customs 2004, II. Quarter 2- 2004, II. Quarter
11 Commission Regulation (EC) No 1201/2001 of 18 June 2001 concerning the classification of certain goods in the Combined Nomenclature General Customs Communiqué on the Tariff Classifications of Certain Goods Undersecretariat for Customs 2004, II. Quarter 2- 2004, II. Quarter
12 Commission Regulation (EC) No 1200/2001 of 19 June 2001 concerning the classification of certain goods in the Combined Nomenclature General Customs Communiqué on the Tariff Classifications of Certain Goods Undersecretariat for Customs 2004, II. Quarter 2- 2004, II. Quarter
Table 25.3.1 (Continued)

No Title and Number of EU legislation Title of Draft Turkish legislation Responsible Institution Proposed Date of the Approval of the Minister / Council of Ministers Proposed Date of
1- Adoption by the Parliament
2-Entry into Force
13 Commission Regulation (EC) No 1400/2001 of 10 July 2001 concerning the classification of certain goods in the Combined Nomenclature General Customs Communiqué on the Tariff Classifications of Certain Goods Undersecretariat for Customs 2004, II. Quarter 2- 2004, II. Quarter
14 Commission Regulation (EC) No 1694/2001 of 24 August 2001 concerning the classification of certain goods in the Combined Nomenclature General Customs Communiqué on the Tariff Classifications of Certain Goods Undersecretariat for Customs 2004, II. Quarter 2- 2004, II. Quarter
15 Commission Regulation (EC) No 2064/2001 of 22 October 2001 concerning the classification of certain goods in the Combined Nomenclature General Customs Communiqué on the Tariff Classifications of Certain Goods Undersecretariat for Customs 2004, II. Quarter 2- 2004, II. Quarter
16 Commission Regulation (EC) No 2147/2001 of 31 October 2001 concerning the classification of certain goods in the Combined Nomenclature General Customs Communiqué on the Tariff Classifications of Certain Goods Undersecretariat for Customs 2004, II. Quarter 2- 2004, II. Quarter
17 Commission Regulation (EC) No 2180/2001 of 9 November 2001 concerning the classification of certain goods in the Combined Nomenclature General Customs Communiqué on the Tariff Classifications of Certain Goods Undersecretariat for Customs 2004, II. Quarter 2- 2004, II. Quarter
18 Commission Regulation (EC) No 184/2000 of 26 January 2000 concerning the classification of certain goods in the Combined Nomenclature General Customs Communiqué on the Tariff Classifications of Certain Goods Undersecretariat for Customs 2004, II. Quarter 2- 2004, II. Quarter
19 Commission Regulation (EC) No 289/2000 of 3 February 2000 concerning the classification of certain goods in the Combined Nomenclature General Customs Communiqué on the Tariff Classifications of Certain Goods Undersecretariat for Customs 2004, II. Quarter 2- 2004, II. Quarter
20 Commission Regulation (EC) No 323/2000 of 11 February 2000 concerning the classification of certain goods in the Combined Nomenclature General Customs Communiqué on the Tariff Classifications of Certain Goods Undersecretariat for Customs 2004, II. Quarter 2- 2004, II. Quarter
Table 25.3.1 (Continued)

No Title and Number of EU legislation Title of Draft Turkish legislation Responsible Institution Proposed Date of the Approval of the Minister / Council of Ministers Proposed Date of
1- Adoption by the Parliament
2-Entry into Force
21 Commission Regulation (EC) No 442/2000 of 25 February 2000 concerning the classification of certain goods in the Combined Nomenclature General Customs Communiqué on the Tariff Classifications of Certain Goods Undersecretariat for Customs 2004, II. Quarter 2- 2004, II. Quarter
22 Commission Regulation (EC) No 709/2000 of 3 April 2000 concerning the classification of certain goods in the Combined Nomenclature General Customs Communiqué on the Tariff Classifications of Certain Goods Undersecretariat for Customs 2004, II. Quarter 2- 2004, II. Quarter
23 Commission Regulation (EC) No 738/2000 of 7 April 2000 concerning the classification of certain goods in the Combined Nomenclature General Customs Communiqué on the Tariff Classifications of Certain Goods Undersecretariat for Customs 2004, II. Quarter 2- 2004, II. Quarter
24 Commission Regulation (EC) No 961/2000 of 5 May 2000 concerning the classification of certain goods in the Combined Nomenclature General Customs Communiqué on the Tariff Classifications of Certain Goods Undersecretariat for Customs 2004, II. Quarter 2- 2004, II. Quarter
25 Commission Regulation (EC) No 1564/2000 of 18 July 2000 concerning the classification of certain goods in the Combined Nomenclature General Customs Communiqué on the Tariff Classifications of Certain Goods Undersecretariat for Customs 2004, II. Quarter 2- 2004, II. Quarter
26 Commission Regulation (EC) No 1703/2000 of 31 July 2000 concerning the classification of certain goods in the Combined Nomenclature General Customs Communiqué on the Tariff Classifications of Certain Goods Undersecretariat for Customs 2004, II. Quarter 2- 2004, II. Quarter
27 Commission Regulation (EC) No 2354/2000 of 24 October 2000 concerning the classification of certain goods in the Combined Nomenclature General Customs Communiqué on the Tariff Classifications of Certain Goods Undersecretariat for Customs 2004, II. Quarter 2- 2004, II. Quarter
28 Commission Regulation (EC) No 2855/2000 of 27 December 2000 concerning the classification of certain goods in the Combined Nomenclature General Customs Communiqué on the Tariff Classifications of Certain Goods Undersecretariat for Customs 2004, II. Quarter 2- 2004, II. Quarter
Table 25.3.1 (Continued)

No Title and Number of EU legislation Title of Draft Turkish legislation Responsible Institution Proposed Date of the Approval of the Minister / Council of Ministers Proposed Date of
1- Adoption by the Parliament
2-Entry into Force
29 Corrigendum to Commission Regulation (EC) No 1917/2000 of 7 September 2000 laying down certain provisions for the implementation of Council Regulation (EC) No 1172/95 as regards statistics on external trade a) (Corrigendum, 06.01.2001, OJL 003) Protocol by the Undersecretariat for Customs on the Transfer of Information on Foreign Trade Transactions at Customs to the State Statistical Institute to Make Statistics on External Trade Undersecretariat for Customs
State Institute of Statistics July 2003 2- July 2003
30 Council Regulation (EC) No 1172/95 of 22 May 1995 on the statistics relating to the trading of goods by the Community and its Member States with non-member countries a) Protocol by the Undersecretariat for Customs on the Transfer of Information on Foreign Trade Transactions at Customs to the State Statistical Institute to Make Statistics on External Trade Undersecretariat for Customs
State Institute of Statistics
Undersecretariat of Foreign Trade
Ministry of Finance July 2003 2- July 2003
31 Commission Regulation (EC) No 1669/2001 of 20 August 2001 amending Article 3 of Regulation (EC) No 1917/2000 laying down certain provisions for the implementation of Council Regulation (EC) No 1172/95 as regards statistics on external trade (Text with EEA a) Protocol by the Undersecretariat for Customs on the Transfer of Information on Foreign Trade Transactions at Customs to the State Statistical Institute to Make Statistics on External Trade Undersecretariat for Customs
State Institute of Statistics July 2003 2- July 2003
32 Council Regulation (EC) No 476/97 of 13 March 1997 amending, with respect to statistical territory, Regulation (EC) No 1172/95 on the statistics relating to the trading of goods by the Community and its Member States with non-member countriesa) Protocol by the Undersecretariat for Customs on the Transfer of Information on Foreign Trade Transactions at Customs to the State Statistical Institute to Make Statistics on External Trade Undersecretariat for Customs
State Institute of Statistics July 2003 2- July 2003
a) With the Implementing Regulation on Customs published in the Official Gazette No 24771 of 31 May 2002 and entered into force in 1 July 2002, partial alignment has been achieved.
3- Schedule of Necessary Institutional Changes
Table 25.3.2

No Necessary Institutional Changes - (Undersecretariat for Customs) Period of Implementation
1 Within the scope of the “Modernization of Customs Laboratories” project aiming at the upgrading of regional and central laboratories in Istanbul, Izmir, Mersin and Ankara (that constitute 85% of the work load), with a view to making reliable analysis and classification of goods at international standards, and fully implementing foreign trade measures, providing technical support and training primarily to the Istanbul Regional Laboratory. 2003- 2005
2 Forming teams for Combined Nomenclature and TARIC harmonization, provision of facilities (computer supplies, separate study rooms). 2004-2005
3 Recruitment of additional experts for the Tariffs unit. 2004-2005

4- Financing Requirements and Sources of Financing
Table 25.3.3 (Euro)

Requirements - (Undersecretariat for Customs) Year National Budget EU Resources Other Total
I-Investment
Modernization of customs laboratories a) 2004-2006 821,325 2,483,975 3,305,300
II- Harmonization with the EU legislation and Implementation
Personnel b) 2003-2004
Training 2003-2004
Training on the analysis methods and the use of equipment that will be purchased within the scope of the project on the modernization of customs laboratories 2003-2005 50,000 50,000
TARIC (Training on technical issues such as computer systems) 2003-2005 20,000 20,000
Table 25.3.3 (Continued) (Euro)

Requirements - (Undersecretariat for Customs) Year National Budget EU Resources Other Total
Consultancy
(TARIC) 2004 10,000 10,000
Translation
- TARIC
- Classification Decisions and Explanatory Notes of CN 2004-2005
50,000
6,000
50,000
6,000
Total 821,325 2,619,975 3,441,300
a) It has been targeted that the related project is considered within the scope of the 2004 Programming of Turkey-EU Pre-accession Financial Assistance.
b) At this stage, the financial needs for recruitment could not be determined.



PRIORITY 25.4 Strengthening the administrative and operational capacity of the customs administration to fight against smuggling
1- Priority Description
Priorities are given to the issues of alignment with EU customs legislation, administrative cooperation, and the fight against fraud. Accordingly, cooperation with the EU in customs matters proceeds at the maximum level.
With respect to the issue of strengthening the administrative capacity of the customs administration, studies proceed within the scope of the “Customs Blueprint”(Detailed information on this issue is given in Table 25.4.2). Although they may not be directly related with the harmonization of legislation, the measures for strengthening the administrative capacity of the customs administration and the capacity to fight againsts smuggling are provided under this priority.
In addition, a Law Information System has been established for electronic storage of the records of lawsuits pursued in central and provincial organizations, and for providing the centralized control of lawsuits. The initial implemention of this system took place within the Istanbul Directorate of Customs on 10 June 2002. In the meantime the system has been established in some central units and regional directorates. It is planned to extend the system in the forthcoming period.
Alignment with the EU legislation is accomplished to a large extent as regards pirated and counterfeit goods. Additionaly, with amendment to the Customs Law and its Implementing Regulation harmonization will be completed. This issue has also been included in the training program for customs personnel.
Turkey signed mutual administrative cooperation agreements in customs matters with Georgia, U.S.A, Cuba, Ukraine, Israel, Macedonia, the UK, Russia, Krgizistan, Uzbekistan, Romania, Bulgaria, Turkmenistan, Albania, Estonia, Tajikistan, Croatia, Egypt, Mongolia, Poland, Greece, the Czech Republic, Lithuania, the Republic of Slovakia, Spain, Iran, Italy, Algeria, Serbia and Montenegro, People’s Republic of China, Pakistan and Bosnia-Herzegovina (32 countries in total). Accordingly, Turkey has concluded agreements and protocols with 7 out of 15 countries with which the EU has signed Mutual Administrative Cooperation Agreements.
Technical hardware, software, recruitment and training programs are foreseen for anti-smuggling pruposes. “Law No. 1918 on the Interdiction and Pursuit of Trafficking” will be amended.
2- Schedule of Necessary Legislative Changes
Table 25.4.1

No Title and Number of EU legislation Title of Draft Turkish legislation Responsible Institution Proposed Date of the Approval of the Minister / Council of Ministers Proposed Date of
1- Adoption by the Parliament
2-Entry into Force
Task 25.4.1 Fight Against Drug Trafficking
1 Joint Action (JHA) No 96/699 of 29 November 1996 adopted by the Council on the basis of Article K.3 of the Treaty on European Union, on cooperation between customs authorities and business organizations in combating drug trafficking Protocol between the Undersecretariat for Customs and the related Commercial Undertakings on Cooperation in Fight Against Drugs Undersecretariat for Customs 2004, IV. Quarter 2004, IV. Quarter
Task 25.4.2 Frontier Controls
1 International Convention of 12 May 1984 on the harmonization of frontier controls of goods –(21984A0512(01)) Law Approving Ratification of International Convention Undersecretariat for Customs Pending in the TGNA 2- December 2003
2 Council Decision (EEC) No89/526 of 18 September 1989 accepting on behalf of the Community the Resolution of the Inland Transport Committee of the Economic Commission for Europe concerning technical assistance measures for the implementation of the International Convention on the Harmonization of Frontier Controls of Goods Approval of the Undersecretariat and Declaration to the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (ECE)a) Undersecretariat for Customs January 2004 2- January 2004
Task 25.4.3 Customs 2007
1 Decision No (EC) 253/2003 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 February 2003 adopting an action programme for customs in the Community (Customs 2007) Decision of Council of Ministers on the Memorandum of Understanding Signed With the Commission on 26 May 2003 Undersecretariat for Customs July 2003 2- July 2003

Table 25.4.1 (Continued)

No Title and Number of EU legislation Title of Draft Turkish legislation Responsible Institution Proposed Date of the Approval of the Minister / Council of Ministers Proposed Date of
1- Adoption by the Parliament
2-Entry into Force
Task 25.4.4 Pirated And Counterfeit Goods
1 Council Regulation (EC) No 3295/94 laying down measures to prohibit the release for free circulation, export, re- export or entry for a suspensive procedure of counterfeit and pirated goods Law Amending Some Provisions of Customs Law No 4458 Undersecretariat for Customs December 2003 2- May 2004

2 Commission Regulation (EC) No 1367/95 of 16 June 1995 laying down provisions for the implementation of Council Regulation (EC) No 3295/94 laying down measures to prohibit the release for free circulation, export, re- export or entry for a suspensive procedure of counterfeit and pirated goods Implementing Regulation Amending Implementing Regulation of Customs Law No 4458 Undersecretariat for Customs December 2003 2- May 2004
Task 25.4.5 Fight Against Smuggling
1 Council Decision (EEC) No 85/187 of 7 March 1985 accepting, on behalf of the Community, the recommendation of the Customs Cooperation Council of 15 June 1983 concerning action against customs fraud relating to containers Implementing Regulation Amending the Implementing Regulation of 25 August 2000 on the Implementation of Customs Convention on Containers of 1972 Undersecretariat for Customs 2004, IV. Quarter 2004, IV. Quarter
Task 25.4.6 Mutual Administrative Assistance Agreements In Customs Matters
1 Partnership and Cooperation Agreement of 17 September 1999 between the European Communities and their Member States, of the one part, and the Republic of Azerbaijan, of the other part - Protocol on mutual assistance between authorities in customs matters - Final Act – Joint Declarations – Exchange of letters in relation to the establishment of companies-Declaration of the French Government (21999A0917(01)) Decision of Council of Ministers on the Approval of Agreement Between the Republic of Turkey and the Republic of Azerbaijan on Cooperation and Mutual Administrative Assistance in Customs Matters Undersecretariat for Customs May 2004 2- December 2005
Table 25.4.1 (Continued)

No Title and Number of EU legislation Title of Draft Turkish legislation Responsible Institution Proposed Date of the Approval of the Minister / Council of Ministers Proposed Date of
1- Adoption by the Parliament
2-Entry into Force
2 Partnership and Cooperation Agreement of 29 July 1999 between the European Communities and their Member States and the Republic of Kazakhstan - Protocol on mutual assistance between authorities in customs matters - Final Act - Joint Declarations - Exchange of letters in relation to the establishment of companies-Declaration of the French Government (21999A0728(02)) Decision of Council of Ministers on the Approval of Agreement Between the Republic of Turkey and the Republic of Kazakhstan on Cooperation and Mutual Administrative Assistance in Customs Matters b) Undersecretariat for Customs May 2004 2- December 2005
3 Agreement of 13 May 1997 between the European Community and the Republic of Korea on cooperation and mutual administrative assistance in customs matters – (21997A0513(01)) Decision of Council of Ministers on the Approval of Agreement Between the Republic of Turkey and the Republic of Korea on Cooperation and Mutual Administrative Assistance in Customs Matters c) Undersecretariat for Customs September 2005 2- December 2005
4 Agreement of 6 July 1976 between the European Community and Canada on customs cooperation and mutual assistance in customs matters- (21998A0113(03)) Decision of Council of Ministers on the Approval of Agreement Between the Republic of Turkey and the Canada on Cooperation and Mutual Administrative Assistance in Customs Matters Undersecretariat for Customs July 2005 2- December 2005
5 Agreement of 22 February 1997 between the European Community, of the one part, and the Government of Denmark and the Home Government of the Faroe Islands, of the other part- Protocol 5 on mutual assistance between administrative authorities in customs matters– (21997A0222(01))
6 Council Decision (EC) No 97/126 of 6 December 1996 concerning the conclusion of an agreement between the European Community, of the one part, and the Government of Denmark and the Home Government of the Faroe Islands, of the other part
7 Partnership and Cooperation Agreement between the European Communities and their Member States and the Republic of Moldova - Protocol on mutual assistance between administrative authorities in customs matters - Final Act - Joint Declarations - Exchange of Letters– (21998A0624(01)) Decision of Council of Ministers on the Approval of Agreement Between the Republic of Turkey and the Republic of Moldova on Cooperation and Mutual Administrative Assistance in Customs Matters e) Undersecretariat for Customs July 2005 2- December 2005
Table 25.4.1 (Continued)

No Title and Number of EU legislation Title of Draft Turkish legislation Responsible Institution Proposed Date of the Approval of the Minister / Council of Ministers Proposed Date of
1- Adoption by the Parliament
2-Entry into Force
8 Agreement in the form of an Exchange of Letters between the European Community and the Republic of Chile adding a Protocol on mutual administrative assistance in customs matters to the Framework Cooperation Agreement between the European Community and its Member States, of the one part, and the Republic of Chile, of the other part - Protocol on mutual administrative assistance in customs matters– (22001A0622(01)) Decision of Council of Ministers on the Approval of Agreement Between the Republic of Turkey and Chile on Cooperation and Mutual Administrative Assistance in Customs Matters f) Undersecretariat for Customs July 2005 2- December 2005
9 Council Decision (EC) No 2001/473 of 4 April 2001 concerning the conclusion of an Agreement in the form of an Exchange of Letters between the European Community and the Republic of Chile adding a Protocol on mutual administrative assistance in customs matters to the Framework Cooperation Agreement between the European Community and its Member States, of the one part, and the Republic of Chile, of the other part Decision of Council of Ministers on the Approval of Agreement Between the Republic of Turkey and Chile on Cooperation and Mutual Administrative Assistance in Customs Matters f) Undersecretariat for Customs July 2005 2- December 2005
a) Declaration will be made following the adoption of the Convention on the Harmonization of Frontier Controls of Goods.
b) It is expected that the Draft Agreement be formulated by the end of year 2003.
c) Negotiations will start in September 2003. Accordingly, it is foreseen to sign the Agreement in May 2005 at the latest.
d) Initiatives were taken for signing an Agreement with Denmark/ Faroe Islands in May 2003.
e) Negotiations for signing an Agreement with the Republic of Moldova were initiated in the year 2000.
f) Negotiations for signing an Agreement with Chile were initiated in May 2003.
3- Schedule of Necessary Institutional Changes
Table 25.4.2

No Necessary Institutional Changes - (Undersecretariat for Customs) Period of Implementation
1 Within the scope of the Project GUMSIS, designed for effective combat with illicit trafficking of goods, vehicles and human beings at the entry and departure ports of the country, provision of systems such as; closed circuit television, number plate identification, vehicle monitoring at Cilvegözü, Öncüpınar, Dilucu, Haydarpaşa, Ambarlı, Çesme, Mersin and Samsun border posts and seaports. 2003-2005
Table 25.4.2 (Continued)

No Necessary Institutional Changes - (Undersecretariat for Customs) Period of Implementation
2 Recruitment:
- 6 Customs Junior Inspectors
- 300 Customs Enforcement Officers
- Lawyers 2003-2004
3 Extension of the pilot implementation to the whole Undersecretariat of Customs, in an attempt to put an end to stationery costs, to provide quick and accurate access to information, to provide paperless media, and to use human resources more efficiently; where the pilot implementation has the function of receiving electronic services from Citizen to State, and from State to State within the e-state project, by way of corresponding within and outside the Undersecretariat in an electronic media through developing e-correspondence applications in the WEB-Intranet environment. December 2003
4 Automation of the customs administrations, maintanence of the existing systems and their renovation, provided that they are not covered by the Customs Modernization Project (GIMOP). a) 2003
5 Renovation of the communications systems (switchboard, wireless system) 2003
6 Extension of the Law Information System to the whole organization 2003-2004
7 Within the scope of Law No 3996, restructuring of the Sarp, Dereköy, Cilvegözü, Karkamış customs border posts and Halkalı Customs Office using build-operate-transfer and participatory models 2003-2004
8 Reorganization of the Department of Legal Affairs in the provinces 2003-2004
9 Establishment of a Risk Management and Strategical Analysis Unit under the Undersecretariat for Customs to perform duties related to combating smuggling, executing risk management techniques, and performing economic and strategical analysis 2003-2004
10 Extension and putting in operation of the value database to test the value of goods and to provide access to amounts payable or those already paid 2003-2004
11 Increasing the number of sniffer dogs, providing training and care 2003-2004


Table 25.4.2 (Continued)

No Necessary Institutional Changes - (Undersecretariat for Customs) Period of Implementation
12 Provision of a powerboat to be used for combatting smuggling 2003-2004
13 Reorganization of the Anti- Smuggling Data Bank taking into account the European Convention of 1981 for the Protection of Individuals with regard to Automatic Processing of Personal Data December 2004
14 Establishment of anti-smuggling data bank of the Member States of the Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO) in Turkey and provision of IT equipment, software and training 2003-2004
Upgrading of the existing software of the Directorate General for Customs Enforcement used for monitoring maritime transportation and shipping September 2004
Training of the personnel working at container ports. Extension of the training program launched within the framework of bilateral relations with the United Kingdom September 2004
Development of software for monitoring goods transported in containers, with a view to preventing smuggling activities September 2004
Upgrading of existing x-ray equipment in the ports, and provision of such equipment to the remaining container ports. 2005-2006
Reorganization of the “ Smuggling, Intelligence and Narcotic” units established under the provincial organizations of the Directorate General for Customs Enforcement, and in this context provision of personnel and equipment. March 2004
Application of systematic risk analysis in the central and provincial units, through reorganization of the ongoing risk analysis studies in the Directorate General for Customs Enforcement within the scope of combatting smuggling March 2004
Training of the provincial personnel working in smuggling, intelligence and narcotic units with the support of EU experts. March 2004
Setting up of special training centers in Ankara and in certain Directorates with a view to providing interactive training: “Methods of Fight Against Smuggling” (United Nations Drug Control Program (UNDCP)) January 2005
Construction of fully equipped search sheds with cold storage at large customs border posts not having such facilities. September 2004
a) Within the scope of the Modernization of Customs Administration Project and within the framework of the Loan Agreement with the World Bank for the period 1995-2002, a 48,4 Million Us Dollar World Bank credit, and 16,5 million Us Dollars from the national budget have been utilized.
4- Financing Requirements and Sources of Financing
Table 25.4.3 (Euro)

Requirements - (Undersecretariat for Customs) Year National Budget EU Resources Other Total
I- Investment
GÜMSİS Project (submitted to the European Commission within the framework of the 2003 Programming of Turkey – EU Pre-accession Financial Assistance Programme as a compenent of the Customs Modernization Project.) 2003-2005 1,468,750 4,406,250 5,875,000
GİMOP-transfer to automation, maintenance, renovation 2003 3,500,000 3,500,000
Computerized document system (purchase of scanner, web applications server, software) 2003 150,000 150,000
Renovation of the communications systems 2003 250,000 250,000
Software and hardware for the Center of Risk Management and Strategical Analysis and for the Value Database 2003-2004 90,000 100,000 190,000
Establishment of anti-smuggling data bank of the Member States of the Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO) 2003-2004 400,000 400,000
Restructuring of some customs border posts within the framework of build-operate-transfer and participatory models 2003-2004 25,000.000 –30,000.000a)
Purchase of computer and software for monitoring maritime transportation and shipping 2004 25,000 75,000 100,000
Reorganization of the smuggling, intelligence and narcotic units, their reinforcement in terms of personnel and equipment. 2004 100,000 300,000 400,000
Purchase of 4 X-ray equipment units 2004-2005 4,000,000 8,000,000 12,000,000
Purchase of 1 powerboat 2003 1,000,000 1,000,000

Table 25.4.3 (Continued) (Euro)

Requirements - (Undersecretariat for Customs) Year National Budget EU Resources Other Total
Construction and equipment of search sheds with cold storage 2004 250,000 750,000 1,000,000
II- Harmonization with the EU legislation and Implementation
Personnel
Junior inspectorsb)
Customs Enforcement Officersb)
Lawyers b) 2003-2004
Personnel for risk management, intelligence and targeting activities 2003-2004
Training:
Training on the prevention of container smuggling 2004 20,000 c) 20,000
Training of the personnel of smuggling, intelligence and narcotic units 2004-2005 100,000 100,000
Training of the personnel that will perform risk management, intelligence and targeting activities 2003-2004 10,000 30,000 40,000
Consultancy 2003-2004 200,000 200,000
Translation
Other
Reorganization of the Department of Legal Affairs in the provinces 2003-2004
Development of container monitoring software 2004 25,000 75,000 100,000

Table 25.4.3 (Continued) (Euro)

Requirements - (Undersecretariat for Customs) Year National Budget EU Resources Other Total
Reorganization of the Anti-Smuggling Data Bank 2004 20,000 20.000
Establishment of interactive training centers for methods of combatting smuggling 2004 100,000 c) 100,000
Purchase of sniffer dogs and providing training and care 2003-2004 100,000 100,000
Total 11,388,750 14,036,250 120,000 25,545,000
a) This amount is not included in the total financing requirements, as the institutions will assume the costs under build-operate-transfer and participatory models.
b) Detailed financing requirements for personnel cannot be foreseen at this stage for this priority.
c) Will be realized within the framework of bilateral relations with the United Kingdom.


PRIORITY 25.5 Interconnectivity Between Electronic Systems
1- Priority Description
Use of Information Technologies for Customs Purposes
Participation of the Undersecretariat for Customs and of other institutions - if deemed necessary – in the Customs Information System (CIS), which provides information exchange between customs administrations of the European Union, is only possible after accession to the EU. The necessary infrastructure in this field exists within the Undersecretariat for Customs.
Common Communication Network/ Common System Interface, New Computerized Transit System, TARIC (CCN/CSI, NCTS, TARIC)
Although one-to-one correspondence has not been observed between the legislation in order to perform studies regarding interconnectivity of electronic systems with those of the Community (loading of CCN/CSI, necessary developments for NCTS, Integrated Tariff Management System), the objective is to complete the efforts for alignment of computer systems by December 2005.
2- Schedule of Necessary Legislative Changes
Alignment of legislation in this area will be accomplished gradually until the time of membership. The implementation of the legislation requires institutional building and financing. Accordingly, the schedule of necessary institutional changes and the financing requirements are provided in Tables 25.5.1. and 25.5.2., respectively.


3- Schedule of Necessary Institutional Changes
Table 25.5.1

No Necessary Institutional Changes - (Undersecretariat for Customs) Period of Implementation
1 Concerning New Computerized Transit System (NCTS), exchange of information and experience with the EU Member States, training in Turkey and in the EU. 2003-2004
2 For the international application of the New Computerized Transit System (NCTS), (national application of NCTS has already been completed and test implementations have been initiated):
- Harmonization of Computerized Customs Activities (BILGE)
- Installation of CCN/CSI
- Installation of ECN (European Customs Network) (CODEM and TUXEDO)
- Integrating BILGE with ECN in order to provide international application (differences of EDI, XML) 2003-2005
3 Although complete alignment in the field of TARIC will be attained by the time of membership, exchange of information and experience with the European Commission for technical infrastructure necessary for TARIC during this process 2003-2005
4 Making an assessment of BILGE software and its compatibility with the TARIC system, and installation of additional software, hardware and connection systems. 2004-2005
4- Financing Requirements and Sources of Financing
Table 25.5.2 (Euro)

Requirements - (Undersecretariat for Customs) Year National Budget EU Resources Other Total
I- Investment
II- Harmonization with the EU legislation and Implementation
Personnel
Training
Translation
Table 25.5.2 (Continued) (Euro)

Requirements - (Undersecretariat for Customs) Year National Budget EU Resources Other Total
Other
NCTS study visit 2003 25,000 25,000
For NCTS: purchase of 4 servers and transformation of current software to XML or EDI 2004-2005 2,000,000 2,000,000
Institutional restructuring for TARIC system a) 2004-2005 150,000 600,000 750,000
Total 150,000 2,625,000 2 ,775 ,000
a) It is envisaged that the project related to TARIC will be considered within the framework of the 2004 Programming of Turkey – EU Pre-accession Financial Assistance.

PRIORITY 25.6 Others
1- Priority Description
Taking into account the exceptional situations allowing prohibition or restriction of free movement of goods, as stipulated in Article 30 of the Treaty Establishing the European Community, the national legislation for cultural goods is being scrutinized via consultations with the European Commission.
2- Schedule of Necessary Legislative Changes
Table 25.6.1

No Title and Number of EU legislation Title of Draft Turkish legislation Responsible Institution Proposed Date of the Approval of the Minister / Council of Ministers Proposed Date of
1- Adoption by the Parliament
2-Entry into Force
Task 25.6.1 Other Customs Legislation
1 Council Decision (EC) No 89/339 of 3 May 1989 accepting on behalf of the Community the recommendation of 5 June 1962 of the Customs Cooperation Council concerning the customs treatment of registered baggage carried by rail as amended on 21 June 1988 General Customs Communiqué Undersecretariat for Customs 2004, IV. Quarter 2- 2004, IV. Quarter
Table 25.6.1 (Continued)

No Title and Number of EU legislation Title of Draft Turkish legislation Responsible Institution Proposed Date of the Approval of the Minister / Council of Ministers Proposed Date of
1- Adoption by the Parliament
2-Entry into Force
2 European Agreement of 18 November 1977 on the Exchange of Reagents for Determining Blood Groups - Protocol to the Agreement- (21974A0917(01))

3 Additional Protocol to the European Agreement of 18 November 1977 on the exchange of tissue-typing reagents, (21976A0624(01))
Task 25.6.2 Cultural Goods
1 Council Regulation (EEC) No 3911/92 of 9 December 1992 on the export of cultural goods Law Amending Some Provisions of the Law No 2863 on the Preservation of Cultural and Natural Property Ministry of Culture and Tourism 2004, II. Quarter 2- 30.06.2004

2 Council Regulation (EC) No 2469/96 of 16 December 1996 amending the Annex to Regulation (EEC) No 3911/92 on the export of cultural goods Law Amending Some Provisions of the Law No 2863 on the Preservation of Cultural and Natural Property Ministry of Culture and Tourism 2004, II. Quarter 2- 30.06.2004

3 Council Regulation (EC) No 974/2001 of 14 May 2001 amending Regulation (EEC) No 3911/92 on the export of cultural goods Law Amending Some Provisions of the Law No 2863 on the Preservation of Cultural and Natural Property Ministry of Culture and Tourism 2004, II. Quarter 2- 30.06.2004

4 Council Resolution of 21 January 2002 on the Commission report on the implementation of Regulation (EEC) No 3911/92 on the export of cultural goods and Directive 93/7/EEC on the return of cultural objects unlawfully removed from the territory of a Member State Law Amending Some Provisions of the Law No 2863 on the Preservation of Cultural and Natural Property Ministry of Culture and Tourism 2004, II. Quarter 2- 30.06.2004

5 Commission Regulation (EEC) No 752/93 of 30 March 1993 laying down provisions for the implementation of Council Regulation (EEC) No 3911/92 on the export of cultural goods Implementing Regulation on the Law Amending Some Provisions of the Law No 2863 on the Preservation of Cultural and Natural Property Ministry of Culture and Tourism 2004, II. Quarter 2- 30.09.2004

Table 25.6.1

No Title and Number of EU legislation Title of Draft Turkish legislation Responsible Institution Proposed Date of the Approval of the Minister / Council of Ministers Proposed Date of
1- Adoption by the Parliament
2-Entry into Force
6 Commission Regulation (EC) No 1526/98 of 16 July 1998 amending Commission Regulation (EEC) No 752/93 laying down provisions for the implementation of Council Regulation (EEC) No 3911/92 on the export of cultural goods Depending on the amendments to the Law, revision of the Implementing Regulation on the Exporting and Importing of Movable Cultural and Natural Property to be Preserved (Exhibitions), published in the Official Gazette No18314 of 16.02.1984 a) Ministry of Culture and Tourism 2004, II. Quarter 2- 30.09.2004

a) Whether the Implementing Regulation requires amendment or not will be discussed with the related services of the Commission.
3- Schedule of Necessary Institutional Changes
Table 25.6.2

No Necessary Institutional Changes - (Ministry of Culture and Tourism) Period of Implementation
1 Training of the personnel responsible for issuing Export Certificates 30.06.2004
2 Drawing up of the inventory of cultural properties 2003-2005
3 Installation of an IT network for the Ministry of Culture and Tourism with a view to implementing the legislation and enabling contact with competent national and international authorities. 2004
Table 25.6.3

No Necessary Institutional Changes - (Ministry of Health) Period of Implementation
1 Establishment of Preservation and Shipment Center for Tissue-Typing Reagents and provision of consultancy 2003-2004
2 Training of the personnel that will work in the Preservation and Shipment Center for Tissue-Typing Reagents 2003-2004
4- Financing Requirements and Sources of Financing
Table 25.6.4 (Euro)

Requirements - (Ministry of Culture and Tourism) Year National Budget EU Resources Other Total
I-Investment
Technical assistance;
- for installation of an IT network that will provide collaboration beween central units, provincial directorates, authorities responsible for issuing export certificates, other cultural institutions, judicial authorities, police, INTERPOL, UNESCO and the European Commission,
- for drawing up of the inventory of cultural properties a) 2004 42,500 157,500 200,000
II- Harmonization with the EU legislation and Implementation
Personnel
- Recruitment of personnel for the autorities responsible for issuing export certificates (10 persons)
- Provision of consultancy regarding the principles and the procedures for drawing up of the inventory of cultural properties
2004

2003-2004
200,000




5,000
200,000

5,000
Training
Study-visits for the personnel working on the issuance of export certificates to EU Member States (3 study visits, each consisting of a group of 4 people and lasting for 3 days)
2004
20,000
20,000
Consultancy
Translation
(Translation of EU legislation to be transposed and of the national legislation on the preservation of cultural and natural property)
2004
3,000
3,000
Total 245,500 182,500 428,000
a) It is planned that a project on this issue will be submitted within the framework of the 2004 Programming of Turkey-EU Pre-accession Financial Assistance.
Table 25.6.5 (Euro)

Requirements - (Ministry of Health) Year National Budget EU Resources Other Total
I-Investment
Establishment of a Preservation and Shipment Center of Tissue-Typing Reagents 2003-2004 1,250,000 3,755,000 5,005,000
II-Harmonization with the EU legislation and Implementation
Consultancy 2003-2004
Training
Training on the implementation of legislation (1 day, 1expert)
2003-2004
5,000
5,000
Total 1,250,000 3,760,000 5,010,000














Annex-25.1

Secondary Legislation promulgated after the publication of the Council Decision of 8 March 2001 on the Accession Partnership with the Republic of Turkey.


Title and Number of EU legislation Corresponding Turkish Legislation Date and Number of the Official Gazette
Decision of Council of Ministers Approving the Decision Amending the Protocol B on the Definition of the Concept of 'Originating Products' and Methods of Administrative Cooperation of the Joint Committee Established with the Free Trade Agreement Between the Republic of Turkey and EFTA 01.08.2001, No. 24480
Implementing Regulation Amending the Implementing Regulation on Proof of the Preferential Origin of Goods 04.09.2001, No. 24513
Decision of Council of Ministers Approving the Decision Amending the Protocol B on the Definition of the Concept of 'Originating Products' and Methods of Administrative Cooperation of the Joint Committee Established with the Free Trade Agreement Between the Republic of Turkey and EFTA 01.08.2001, No. 24480
Implementing Regulation Amending the Implementing Regulation on Proof of the Preferential Origin of Goods 04.09.2001, No. 24513
Decision of Council of Ministers Approving the Decision Amending the Protocol No 3 on the Definition of the Concept of 'Originating Products' and Methods of Administrative Cooperation of the Joint Committee Established With the Free Trade Agreement Between the Republic of Turkey and the Republic of Lithuania 30.04.2001, No. 24388
Implementing Regulation Amending the Implementing Regulation on Proof of the Preferential Origin of Goods 06.06.2001, No. 24424
Agreement between the European Community and Hong Kong, China on cooperation and mutual assistance in customs matters Decision No 2002/4164 on the Approval of the Agreement Between the Republic of Turkey and the People’s Republic of China on Cooperation and Mutual Administrative Assistance in Customs Matters 19.06.2002, No. 24790

Title and Number of EU legislation Corresponding Turkish Legislation Date and Number of the Official Gazette
Agreement on customs cooperation between the European Community and the Kingdom of Norway Decision No 2003/5314 on the Approval of Decision No 4 of the Joint Committee of Turkey-EFTA for the year 2000 16.03.2003, No. 25050
Council Decision of 13 March 1997 concerning the conclusion of the Agreement on customs cooperation in the form of an Exchange of Letters between the European Community and the Kingdom of Norway Decision No 2003/5314 on the Approval of Decision No 4 of the Joint Committee of Turkey-EFTA for the year 2000 16.03.2003, No. 25050
Agreement in the form of an exchange of letters between the European Community and the Swiss Confederation adding to the Swiss Confederation a protocol on mutual administrative assistance in customs matters- Joint Declaration Decision No 2003/5314 on the Approval of Decision No 4 of the Joint Committee of Turkey-EFTA for the year 2000 16.03.2003, No. 25050
Agreement in the form of an exchange of letters between the European Community of the one part, and the Swiss Confederation, of the other part, concerning Protocol 2 to Agreement between the European Economic Community and the Swiss Confederation- agreed Minutes Decision No 2003/5314 on the Approval of Decision No 4 of the Joint Committee of Turkey-EFTA for the year 2000 16.03.2003, No. 25050
Council Regulation (EEC) No 2658 / 87 of 23 July 1987 on the Tariff and Statistical Nomenclature and on the Common Customs Tariff Decision on the Entry into Force of the Tariff Nomenclature No 2002/4976 as of 1 January 2003 and the Repeal of the Decree No 2001/3384 of 22 December 2001 29.12.2002, No. 24078
Commission Regulation (EC) No 2020/2001 of 15 October 2001 on the nomenclature of countries and territories for the external trade statistics of the Community and statistics of trade between Member States (Text with EEA relevance) List of Country Codes in Annex no 9 of Annex 20 of the Implementing Regulation on Customs Concerning the Guidelines on Customs Declaration 31.05.2002, No. 24771 (bis)
Commission Regulation (EC) No 2032/2000 of 27 September 2000 on the nomenclature of countries and territories for the external trade statistics of the Community and statistics of trade between Member States (Text with EEA relevance) List of Country Codes in Annex no 9 of Annex 20 of the Implementing Regulation on Customs Concerning the Guidelines on Customs Declaration 31.05.2002, No. 24771 (bis)
Commission Regulation (EC) No 2543/1999 of 1 December 1999 on the nomenclature of countries and territories for the external trade statistics of the Community and statistics of trade between Member States (Text with EEA relevance) List of Country Codes in Annex no 9 of Annex 20 of the Implementing Regulation on Customs Concerning the Guidelines on Customs Declaration 31.05.2002, No. 24771(bis)

Title and Number of EU legislation Corresponding Turkish Legislation Date and Number of the Official Gazette
Decision No 1/2003 of the EC-Turkey Customs Cooperation Committee of 30 January 2003 amending Decision No 1/2001 amending Decision No 1/96 laying down detailed rules for the application of Decision No 1/95 of the EC-Turkey Association Council Decision No 2003/5310 Amending the Decision on the Procedures for the Implementation of Customs Union Established Between Turkey and the European Community 14.03. 2003, No. 25048
Decision No 1/2001 of the EC-Turkey Customs Cooperation Committee of 28 March 2001 amending Decision No 1/96 laying down detailed rules for the application of Decision 1/95 of the EC-Turkey Association Council Decision No 2002/4616 on the Procedures for the Implementation of Customs Union Established Between Turkey and the European Community 03.09.2002, No. 24865
Council Decision of 22 April 1985 accepting on behalf of the Community the recommendation of the Customs Cooperation Council concerning the establishment of links between customs transit systems and of the resolution of the Inland Transport Committee of the Economic Commission for Europe concerning the same subject Approval of Undersecretariat No 58 of 11 April 2003 -
Commission Regulation (EC) No 1602/2000 of 24 July 2000 amending Regulation (EEC) No 2454/93 laying down provisions for the implementation of Council Regulation (EEC) No 2913/92 establishing the Community Customs Code Decision No 2001/348 on the Determination of the Preferential Origin of Goods in the Generalized System of Preferences 30.12. 2001, No. 24626 (bis)
Council Regulation (EC) No 1541/98 of 13 July 1998 on proof of origin for certain textile products falling within Section XI of the Combined Nomenclature and released for free circulation in the Community, and on the conditions for the acceptance of such proof General Customs Communiqué (Entry into Free Circulation) (Serial No: 3) 05.04.2003, No. 25070
Commission Regulation (EEC) No 2454/93 of 2 July 1993 laying down provisions for the implementation of Council Regulation (EEC) No 2913/92 establishing the Community Customs Code Implementing Regulation on Customs of Customs Law No 4458 a) 31.05.2002, No. 24771 (bis)
a)With this amendment provisions of the Implementing Regulation on the Transactions of Computerised Customs Offices have been incorporated into the Implementing Regulation of Customs and the level of alignment remains “partial”.














26- EXTERNAL RELATIONS


I- PRIORITY LIST

PRIORITY 26.1 Generalized System of Preferences
PRIORITY 26.2 Free Trade Agreements (FTA)
PRIORITY 26.3 Dual-Use Goods


II- MEASURES FOR HARMONIZATION WITH THE EU LEGISLATION AND IMPLEMENTATION

PRIORITY 26.1. Generalized System of Preferences
1- Short Description
With a view to aligning with the Generalized System of Preferences (GSP), the first arrangement entered into force as of 1 January 2002 in the context of the Import Regime Decree of 2002, and the arrangements required for the rules of origin were implemented with Council of Ministers Decree No 2001/3485. In this regard, apart from the implementation under “the special arrangements to combat drugs production and trafficking” and special incentives, all Community arrangements were incorporated into the aforementioned Regime for 2456 raw materials and semi-finished goods in 12 digit CN Codes. Accordingly, “Everything But Arms (EBA)” initiative has also been made operational for these 2456 goods, in favor of the least developed countries (LDC). Thus, it has become possible for the countries included in the Community’s GSP regime to benefit from the system.
With the Decree Annexed to the Import Regime Decree of 2003 that entered into force as of January 2003, the number of goods benefiting from the GSP increased to 2884, with the inclusion of 428 products in 12 digit CN Codes.
With the existing arrangement, the outcomes of the EU’s regime were achieved in terms of country coverage, sensitivity of products and preferential duties; except for the tariff reductions applied under special incentive mechanisms. There are still differences between the product coverage of the EU’s Generalized System of Preferences and Turkey’s arrangements.
Efforts for alignment with the EU’s Generalized System of Preferences will be maintained by taking into consideration Turkey’s needs. To this end, talks with the European Commission concerning complete alignment with the Community system will continue.


PRIORITY 26.2 Free Trade Agreements (FTA)
1- Short Description
In line with efforts for the adoption of the EU’s preferential trade agreements, Turkey has concluded free trade agreements with all Central and Eastern European countries, Israel, Macedonia, Bosnia-Herzegovina and Croatia. Apart from the agreements signed with Croatia and Bosnia-Herzegovina, all free trade agreements concluded by Turkey are in force. The Free Trade Agreement signed with Croatia will enter into force on 1 July 2003, whereas the Free Trade Agreement signed with Bosnia-Herzegovina is expected to enter into force in the third quarter of the year 2003. Moreover, the free trade agreement between Turkey and EFTA has been in force since the year 1992.
However, in the process of adopting the EU’s free trade agreements Turkey faces difficulties stemming both from the dynamic character of the EU’s external trade policy, and the unwillingness of countries with whom Turkey would like to sign free trade agreements. Since the EU becomes a party to new arrangements its preferential trade network continuously expands. Moreover, there have been serious difficulties in convincing third countries - Mediterranean countries especially - to initiate negotiations for free trade agreements, and to conclude agreements for which negotiations have begun. As a result, adoption of the EU’s preferential trade agreements remains a moving target for Turkey.
Since it is necessary that not only Turkey but the relevant third country should also show willingness, it has not been possible to set an alignment schedule for the process of adoption of the EU’s free trade agreements while third countries do not have such enthusiasm. Nevertheless, Turkey’s intense efforts in this field will continue in the forthcoming period. For the progress achieved in the adoption of the EU’s preferential trade agreements see Annex- 26.1.

PRIORITY 26.3 Dual-use Goods
1- Short Description
Concerning dual-use goods and technologies, the only difference between the systems of the EU and Turkey is that the control regime of the Community is carried out by one institution and through one piece of legislation; whereas in Turkey the system is administered by various institutions and by means of separate regulations. Turkey has been a party to all international export control arrangements and regimes aimed at controlling the export of dual-use goods to which the EU is a party. These arrangements and regimes are namely: the Wassenaar Arrangement; the Control Regime on Missile Technology; the Australia Group; the Nuclear Suppliers Group; the Zangger Committee; and the Convention on Chemical Weapons. Turkey controls all the equipment and technologies subject to Decision No 94/942/CFSP, cited in Article 5 of Council Regulation No 1334/2000, and modifies the list of controlled equipment and technologies in parallel with the changes in international arrangements. Although the criteria used in controls are those mentioned in Article 7 of the Regulation, the only underlying difference is that while EU bases its controls on one piece of legislation, the control of items subject to the export control regime in Turkey falls within the competence of more than one institution and within the framework of more than one legislative arrangement, due to the specific characteristics of these items.








Annex 26.1

FREE TRADE AGREEMENTS OF TURKEY1)


EFTA
10 December 1991 FTA signed in Geneva.
1 April 1992 FTA entered into force.
5 November 2002 Sixth Joint Committee meeting held in Ankara.
ISRAEL
14 March 1996 FTA signed in Jerusalem.
1 May 1997 FTA entered into force.
5 June 2001 Fifth Joint Committee meeting held in Jerusalem.
ROMANIA
29 April 1997 FTA signed in Ankara.
1 February 1998 FTA entered into force.
13-14 December 2001 Fourth Joint Committee meeting held in Ankara.




LITHUANIA
2 June 1997 FTA signed in Vilnius.
1 March 1998 FTA entered into force.
3 April 2001 Third Joint Committee meeting held in Ankara.
HUNGARY
8 January 1997 FTA signed in Budapest.
1 April 1998 FTA entered into force.
12-13 December 2000 Third Joint Committee meeting held in Budapest.
ESTONIA
3 June 1997 FTA signed in Tallinn.
1 July 1998 FTA entered into force.
4 October 2002 Third Joint Committee meeting held in Ankara.
CZECH REPUBLIC
3 October 1997 FTA signed in Ankara.
1 September 1998 FTA entered into force.
SLOVAKIA
20 October 1997 FTA signed in Ankara.
1 September 1998 FTA entered into force.
10 April 2001 First Joint Committee meeting held in Ankara.

BULGARIA
11 July 1998 FTA signed in Sofia.
1 January 1999 FTA entered into force.
16-17 January 2003 Second Joint Committee meeting held in Sofia.
POLAND
4 October 1999 FTA signed in Ankara.
1 May 2000 FTA entered into force.
30 January 2003 Second Joint Committee meeting held in Ankara.
SLOVENIA
5 May 1998 FTA signed in Ankara.
1 June 2000 FTA entered into force.
LATVIA
16 June 1998 FTA signed in Riga.
1 July 2000 FTA entered into force.
MACEDONIA
7 September 1999 FTA signed in Ankara.
1 September 2000 FTA entered into force.
17 January 2002 Second Joint Committee meeting held in Ankara.

CROATIA
13 March 2002 FTA signed in Zagreb.
1 July 2003 FTA is expected to enter into force.
BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA
3 July 2002 FTA signed in Ankara.
2003, III. Quarter FTA is expected to enter into force.


ONGOING NEGOTIATIONS


EGYPT
April 1997 Draft text of agreement was submitted by Turkey.
21-23 May 2003 Fourth round of negotiations completed in Ankara.
MOROCCO
April 1997 Draft text of agreement was submitted by Turkey.
7 March 2002 Fourth round of negotiations completed in Ankara.
FAROE ISLANDS
October 1999 Draft text of agreement was submitted.
6-7 March 2000 First round of negotiations completed in Ankara.

TUNISIA
April 1997 Draft text of agreement was submitted by Turkey.
12-13 October 1998 Exploratory talks on the proposed FTA in Tunis.
27 September 2002 Second Technical Committee meeting held in Ankara.
PALESTINE
August 1997 Draft text of agreement was submitted by Turkey.
18-19 February 1998 Exploratory talks on the proposed FTA in Ankara.
LEBANON
April 2002 Draft text of agreement was submitted by Turkey.
17 December 2002 Preliminary talks on the proposed FTA in Ankara.
ALBANIA
April 2002 Draft text of agreement was submitted by Turkey.
1 April 2003 First round of negotiations held in Ankara.







NEGOTIATIONS TO BE STARTED


MALTA
February 1998 Draft text of agreement was submitted by Turkey.
JORDAN
April 2000 Draft text of agreement was submitted by Turkey.
MEXICO
May 2000 Draft text of agreement was submitted by Turkey.
SOUTH AFRICA
July 2000 Draft text of agreement was submitted by Turkey.
ALGERIA
January 2001 Draft text of agreement was submitted by Turkey.
YUGOSLAVIA (FRY)
(REPUBLIC OF SERBIA AND MONTENEGRO)
June 2002 Draft text of agreement was submitted by Turkey.
SYRIA
February 2003 Draft text of agreement was submitted by Turkey.
__________________
Signatürü

YA
TAKSiM;
YA
ÖLÜM








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